Record Details

NHER Number:41303
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Saxon to post medieval occupation at Nos 17 to 27 Fishergate

Summary

Excavation in 2005 revealed significant archaeological deposits which included organic material, such as a complete medieval shoe, preserved in waterlogged conditions. The earliest deposits date from the Late Saxon period and include post holes, chalk surfaces and a beam slot. During the 12th to 16th centuries buildings occupied the Fishergate street frontage, while in the space behind these buildings a large pit of industrial/craft purpose was in use in the later medieval period.

In the post medieval period this space appears to have remained open, perhaps as a garden, whilst along Fishergate properties of 16th or 17th century date occupied the street frontage. These buildings survived until the plot was developed in the second half of the 20th century.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 23229 09119
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

April 2005. Evaluation. Contexts 1-382.
Excavation of three trenches revealed significant archaeological remains, including organic finds preserved by the waterlogged conditions of the site including a complete medieval leather shoe. The earliest occupation in this area appears to date from the Late Saxon period, with archaeological features including post holes, chalk surfaces and a beam slot. During the 12th to 16th centuries, surfaces (and presumably associated buildings) occupied the Fishergate street frontage, while in the space behind these buildings at the north of the site, perhaps within a yard, large pit of industrial/craft purpose were in use in the later medieval period (15th to early 16th centuries). In the post medieval period this space appears to have remained open, perhaps as a garden, whilst along Fishergate properties of 16th or 17th century date occupied the street frontage. These buildings survived until the plot was developed in the second half of the 20th century.
See (S1) in file.
See also (S4).
A. Cattermole (NLA), 3 January 2006.

January 2006. NAU Archaeology watching brief. No contexts used.
No archaeological finds or features.
See (S2).
J. Allen (NLA), 1 March 2007.

2006. NAU Archaeology Evaluation. (Report no:1393) (TG 2323 0912)
The earliest occupation of the site appears to date to the late Saxon or Anglo-Norman period, substantiated by post-holes, chalk surfaces and a beam-slot. During the 12th to 16th centuries, surfaces and associated buildings occupied the Fishergate Street frontage, while during late medieval period large pits indicating industrial/craft activities were located behind these buildings. In the post-medieval period this space appears to have remained open, perhaps as a garden, while along Fishergate 16th-17th century properties fronted the street. These buildings survived, with some modification, until the plot was developed in the second half of the 20th century. The waterlogged anaerobic condition of the lowest archaeological remains preserved organic finds, indicated by the recovery of leather objects and ecofacts. As well as significant Late Saxon and medieval finds assemblages, a small amount of late prehistoric worked flints, Early Saxon pottery and a single prehistoric ring ditch was discovered relatively intact despite some truncation by later features. Worked flints and Iron Age pottery were collected from the uppermost fill of this feature. Several sherds of prehistoric pottery and flints were collected from the fills of a large solution hollow discovered to the south-east of the ring ditch.
See (S3) for further information.
D. Holburn (HES), 21 September 2011.

May 2012.
The hoard of Late 7th century coins found 2005 and reported as Treasure case 2005 T445, were declared Treasure at inquest 11 May 2012.
E. Darch (HES), 29 May 2012.

Monument Types

  • ANTLER WORKING SITE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BEAM SLOT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 900 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR (Late Saxon to Medieval - 900 AD to 1100 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Saxon to Medieval - 900 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CESS PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRAIN? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HEARTH (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1399 AD)
  • GULLY (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1400 AD to 1599 AD)

Associated Finds

  • KNIFE (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • END SCRAPER (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • KNIFE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Late Saxon to Post Medieval - 851 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FISH REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SHOE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1399 AD)
  • WHETSTONE (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1399 AD)
  • PEG (Medieval - 1250 AD to 1499 AD)
  • TEXTILE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1350 AD to 1699 AD)
  • JAR (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD to 1699 AD)
  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1700 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Adams, D.. 2005. NAU Report No. 1063. An Archaeological Evaluation at 17-27 Fishergate, Norwich, Norfolk..
<S2>Unpublished document: Watkins, P.J.. 2006. NAU Archaeology Report No. 1134. An Archaeological Watching Brief at 17-25 Fishergate, Norwich..
<S3>Article in serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2007. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2006. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt II pp 261-273. p 267.
<S4>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2006. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2005. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt I pp 124-136. p 131.

Related records - none

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