Record Details

NHER Number:39117
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmarks of enclosures and linear features of unknown date

Summary

A group of cropmark rectilinear enclosures and associated linear features are visible on aerial photographs to the south of Compit Hills, Roughton. These cropmarks are likely to represent domestic enclosures and fields system of unknown definite date. Although the morphology of the features would suggest a possible Iron Age to Romano-British date. The northern part of this site has since been developed into a housing estate.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 21609 40380
Map Sheet:TG24SW
Parish:ROUGHTON, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

December 2004. Norfolk NMP.
A group of cropmark rectilinear enclosures and associated linear features are visible on aerial photographs to the south of Compit Hills, Roughton (S1-3). These cropmarks are likely to represent domestic enclosures and fields of unknown definite date. Although the morphology of the features would suggest a possible Iron Age to Romano-British date. The northern part of this site has since been developed into a housing estate.

The site is centred on TG 2160 4036, although the main area of the cropmarks is centred on TG 2159 4031. The cropmarks appear to be located on slight knoll of higher land, which is itself situated on a spur of higher land.

The cropmarks are quite fragmentary in their nature, although it is possible to postulate several elements to the site. Centred on TG 2160 4036 are two relatively broad ditches, up to 2m wide (S2), which may be defining the two opposing corners of a rectangular enclosure, potentially measuring up to 35m across. This appears to have conjoined enclosures and ditches to the south and west. These consist of a series of elongated enclosed areas, up to 100m long and 25m wide, with possible trackways, both approximately 7m wide, running alongside (S1-2). At TG 2153 4030 is a possible square enclosure, 20m across (S1). This series of enclosures and co-axial linears would appear to represent a field system with integrated trackways leading into larger enclosed areas. The main set of features would appear to be roughly aligned along the same axis of as the possible broader ditched rectangular enclosure to the north, although there is some alteration in the line, which could indicate that these two components of the site are not directly related or contemporary. There are several linear ditches, which appear to cut across the field system and tracks, again suggesting the palimpsest nature of the site.

A second area of cropmark is centred on TG 2172 4046 (S1). These also appear to represent conjoined linears and enclosed areas, which appear to have a broadly similar alignment to the rest of the site. The more angular cropmarks to the west, centred on TG 2168 4046, may need to be treated with an element of suspicion as the area had been heavily disturbed by recent agricultural practices (S1).

These features were visible as fragmentary linear cropmarks visible on a variety of aerial photographs from different years. Therefore the plan of the site is extremely composite and features such as agricultural linears and intrusive geological elements may have been unintentionally including in the mapping. Some further possible cropmarks were visible, centred on TG 2147 4043, were not mapped as there archaeological origin was doubtful.
S. Massey (NMP), 17 December 2004.

Monument Types

  • DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Unknown date)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • SQUARE ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • ENCLOSURE (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • SQUARE ENCLOSURE (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1606 4142-3 27-JUN-1946 (Norfolk SMR TG 2140B, TG2240A).
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1967. OS/67053 054-5 24-APR-1967 (NMR).
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: BKS. 1988. BKS 8370-2 27-MAY-1988 (NCC 0919-21).

Related records - none

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