Record Details

NHER Number:40942
Type of record:Monument
Name:Neolithic flints, Late Saxon occupation and metalworking site, 30 Bridge Street

Summary

Excavations revealed Late Saxon occupation and metal working activity on this site. A number of interesting finds were recovered during excavations, including a 10th century pewter brooch and a Viking arrowhead. All activity on this site appears to have ceased by the 12th century, when a blanket of topsoil was either strewn or built up across the site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 8670 8300
Map Sheet:TL88SE
Parish:THETFORD, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

November-December 2004. NAU evaluation, four trenches. Contexts 1-238. [1]
Excavations revealed archaeological remains dating from the 10th and 11th centuries. Although there were few traces of domestic buildings, the number of refuse-filled pits indicates that domestic settlement was located nearby. This settlement appears to have coexisted with metalworking on the site, an activity indicated by large quantities of ash and slags. A number of interesting finds were recovered during excavations, including a 10th century glass-inlaid pewter brooch and a Viking arrowhead. All activity on this site appears to have ceased by the 12th century, when a blanket of topsoil was either strewn or built up across the site.
See (S1) for further details.
See also (S2).
A. Cattermole (NLA) 3 January 2005.

Monument Types

  • GULLY (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon to Post Medieval - 411 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HEARTH? (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1099 AD)
  • METAL WORKING SITE (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1099 AD)
  • PIT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1099 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Saxon to Medieval - 900 AD to 1099 AD)

Associated Finds

  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (Unknown date)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD? to 650 AD?)
  • ARROWHEAD (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BRIDLE FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1099 AD)
  • NEEDLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PRICK SPUR (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1150 AD)
  • QUERN (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 1044 AD to 1046 AD)
  • COIN (Late Saxon - 1044 AD to 1046 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1327 AD to 1377 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOBACCO PIPE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: 2004. KRJ-KRK.
---Article in serial: Shelley, A. and Heywood, S. 2005. A Norman Stone Cross from Thetford. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt IV pp 726-727.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Shelley, A.. 2005. NAU Report No. 1032. An Archaeological Evaluation at 30 Bridge Street, Thetford..
<S2>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2005. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2004. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt IV pp 751-763. p 760.

Related records - none

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