Record Details

NHER Number:40453
Type of record:Monument
Name:Middle Saxon cemetery and Middle to Late Saxon occupation

Summary

An evaluation in 2004 revealed a Middle Saxon inhumation and disturbed human remains, suggesting this is the site of a Middle Saxon cemetery. In addition, undated gullies and ditches are believed to indicate Middle Saxon occupation in this location.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 9193 2340
Map Sheet:TF92SW
Parish:WHISSONSETT, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

July 2004. Evaluation. From context 1. [1]
Investigations revealed a small quantity of prehistoric worked flint and Roman artefacts. The first evidence for occupation appears to date from the Middle Saxon period, and comprises postholes and gullies. These are undated, but are likely to date to the Middle Saxon period, given their similarity to features recorded on an adjacent site. Boundary ditches were constructed and the area also served as a graveyard: one intact west-east aligned inhumation and other disturbed human remains were recorded, suggesting this is the site of a Middle Saxon cemetery. Occupation continued into the Late Saxon period, but appears to have terminated abruptly. A small quantity of medieval material may imply that this area was given over to agriculture at this time. Post medieval artefacts were more abundant, and probably reflect the expansion of the village, and habitation moving closer to the area of investigation.
See (S1) for further details.
See also (S3).
A. Cattermole (NLA), 25 May 2007.

March 2005. NAU excavation. From context 200.
Further excavation revealed Anglo-Saxon activity. The Middle Saxon period was represented by post-hole buildings and pits within a double-ditched enclosure and an adjacent demetary (nine burials). Late Saxon occupation was more widely spread, and included post-hole structures, pits and ditches. The character and status of the settlement is uncertain, although animal and cereal farming are evidenced and finds include shears, querns, loomweights and animal bone.
See (S2).
D. Holburn (HES), 26 September 2011.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • GULLY (Unknown date)
  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • POST HOLE (Unknown date)
  • DITCH (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BLADE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • OYSTER SHELL (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Mellor, V.. 2004. Archaeological Project Services Report No. 128/04. Archaeological Evaluation on Land at Church Close, Whissonsett, Norfolk..
<S2>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2006. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2005. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt I pp 124-136. p 135.
<S3>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2005. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2004. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt IV pp 751-763. p 762.

Related records

44708Part of: Possible Middle to Late Saxon settlement at North View Drive (Monument)
31232Related to: Possible Middle Saxon to medieval cemetery, Roman to post medieval objects (Monument)

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service