Record Details

NHER Number:4390
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman building and kiln and multi-period finds, Anzac Gravel Pit

Summary

Excavation, observation and metal-detecting since 1969 have revealed evidence of a Roman building and kiln. Many Roman finds have also been recovered, including coins, metalwork, pottery and tile fragments and a fine copper alloy mount depicting the head of Silenus, the companion of Bacchus. Other finds from the area are prehistoric worked and burnt flints, Neolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age pottery fragments and an Iron Age brooch.

Images

  • Roman copper alloy mount depicting Silenus the companion of Bacchus.  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TF 67 02
Map Sheet:TF60SE
Parish:WEST DEREHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1969. Roman kiln site discovered.
1971. Slag found.
1973. Neolithic sherds and flint, Roman finds.
1975. Beaker, Iron Age and Roman finds.
1976-1977. Metal-detecting. Roman metalwork and coins. Roman building excavated.
1977. Roman pottery found after topsoil stripped.
1980. Metal-detecting (S3 and S4). Roman metalwork and coins.
1980. Aerial photograph record. Linear cropmarks.
1998. Metal-detecting. Iron Age brooch.
See details, coin lists, site plans and drawings in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 3 April 1998.

March 2003.
Roman coin (clipped siliqua) found at [1].
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 April 2003.

Monument Types

  • LINEAR FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POTTERY KILN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POTTERY WORKS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KILN FURNITURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PLAQUE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF6702C-D.
---Monograph: Gregory, A.. 1982. Romano-British Settlement in West Norfolk and on the Norfolk Fen Edge, IN Miles, D. (ed.), The Romano-British Countryside, Studies in Rural Settlement and Economy.. British Archaeological Report British. Vol 103. pt ii, pp 351-376.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Dereham (west).
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Dereham West.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Dereham [West].
---Monograph: Swan, V. G.. 1984. The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments Supplementary Series. 5.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Article in serial: Trett, R. 1981. A Bronze Mount from West Dereham. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXVIII Pt I pp 89-90. p 89.
<S2>Serial: 1975. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1975. No 20. p 6.
<S3>Illustration: Unknown. 1979. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy bow and fantail brooch.. Paper. 1:1.
<S4>Illustration: Unknown. 1980. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy mount.. Paper. 1:1.
<S5>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2007. Drawing of a Palaeolithic hand axe.. Film. 1:1.

Related records - none

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