Record Details

NHER Number:38478
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmark of Neolithic or Bronze Age enclosure

Summary

An irregular curved enclosure surrounding an internal pit or large grave is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs. It is located within a Neolithic cursus and may also be Neolithic or perhaps Bronze Age in date. It seems likely that the enclosure was used for mortuary, funerary or other ceremonial activity.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2067 3602
Map Sheet:TG23NW
Parish:HANWORTH, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

February 2004, Norfolk NMP
An irregular curvilinear ditched enclosure is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs (S1) and (S2), centred around TG 2067 3602. Its location, within a Neolithic cursus (NHER 18190), suggests that it is of Neolithic or Bronze Age date. A large pit within the enclosure may be a grave or grave pit, and it seems likely that the enclosure was used for mortuary, funerary or other ceremonial activity.

The enclosure measures 30m long and 18m wide, and is defined by a relatively narrow ditch approximately 1m wide. The gap on its northwest side may be archaeological, although on the consulted aerial photographs the area is partially obscured by agricultural and geological cropmarks (S1) and (S2). The internal pit, which measures 6m long, is too large to be an individual grave, but could have been used for multiple burials. A curvilinear ditch which crosses into the cursus from its southwest end and appears to terminate at the enclosure may be an associated feature; a similar arrangement of curvilinear ditches and irregular curvilinear enclosures or ring ditches has been mapped at Brampton, Cambridgeshire (S3, figs 7.4a and b).
S. Tremlett (NMP), 25 February 2004

Monument Types

  • CURVILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • BURIAL PIT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • CURVILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • GRAVE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

<S1>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A.. 1980. NHER TG 2035U (NLA 97/AQE6) 23-JUL-1980.
<S2>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A.. 1996. NHER TG 2035ABJ (NLA 373/JBP12) 19-JUL-1996.
<S3>Publication: Malim, T.. 1999. Cursuses and related monuments of the Cambridgeshire Ouse.

Related records - none

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