Record Details

NHER Number:39600
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval occupation debris


Archaeological investigations in this area revealed a series of features dating to the medieval period including ditches, pits and a cess pit, along with medieval pottery. This evidence suggests occupation in this area during the medieval period. Artefactual evidence also points to activity and possibly settlement in this area in the Early Saxon period, although this evidence is more tenuous.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 37323 13352
Map Sheet:TG31SE

Full description

August 2003. NAU evaluation. Contexts 1-24 used.
Four ditches were recorded, two of which were certainly of medieval date.
Two undated post-holes and a part of a large medieval feature thought to have been in use as a cesspit were also found. There were few finds to aid dating, but a medieval date for some of the cropmarks (NHER 11859) seems likely.
See (S1) for further details.
A. Cattermole (NLA) 10 May 2004.

September 2003. NAU excavation for a house plot. From context 100.
Pottery of Iron Age or Early Saxon date was recovered from three features, perhaps suggesting that one of the recorded features may relate to an Early Saxon sunked featured building or grubenhaus. However, it is possible that this pottery was residual.
Most of the recorded features were medieval in date, including two parallel ditches running approximately east-west. A small group of pits and postholes were located at the western end of the site. To the east lay another group of pits and postholes, along with a hearth. These features probably relate to a post-built structure.
See (S2) for further details.
See also (S3).
A. Cattermole (NLA) 7 March 2007.

Monument Types

  • POST HOLE (Unknown date)
  • DITCH (Iron Age - 800 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • POST HOLE (Iron Age - 800 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • DITCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD? to 650 AD?)
  • GRUBENHAUS? (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POST HOLE? (Early Saxon - 411 AD? to 650 AD?)
  • CESS PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POST BUILT STRUCTURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • QUERN (Undated)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Penn, K.. 2003. NAU Report No. 864. An Archaeological Evaluation at Manor Farm, South Walsham..
<S2>Unpublished document: Town, M. & Penn, K.. 2004. NAU Report No. 898. An Archaeological Excavation at Manor Farm, South Walsham..
<S3>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2004. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2003. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt III pp 573-588. p 586.

Related records - none

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