Record Details

NHER Number:37167
Type of record:Building
Name:Possible World War Two anti aircraft tower or observation post

Summary

A World War Two brick tower exists at Swanton Morley airfield (NHER 2830). It had two storeys and was an anti aircraft tower or an observation post. Although it survived in 2002, plans were in place to demolish it.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 99565 18553
Map Sheet:TF91NE
Parish:HOE, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

2002. EH MPP Assessment.
Photographs taken by the RAF in 1946 show that this structure was originally sited in a hedgerow, which has since been removed. It is a two storey structure, with a windowless lower compartment and an open upper level with a concrete platform for the gun mounting. Slots for a ladder that would have provided access to the upper storey were observed on the east side. The holdfast and mounting for the gun were still in place at the time of the survey. Destruction of this tower has been planned in order to allow gravel extraction in the area.
Information from (S1).
H. Hamilton (NLA), 13 December 2007.

June 2002. NAU Survey.
A small two storey tower, constructed of brick with concrete floors. This structure may have been an anti aircraft tower or observation tower.
J. Allen (NLA), 19 June 2002.

June 2002. NAU Survey.
An NAU survey was carried out ahead of demolition and gravel extraction (see NHER 37159).
The structure has an open upper storey containing a mounting, possibly for a light anti aircraft weapon. It may have been built in two phases or the upper storey was built from a different batch of bricks to the lower. The lower storey possibly would have provided shelter for anti aircraft gunners.
Information from (S2).
D. Robertson (NLA), 14 March 2006.

March 2008. Norfolk NMP.
This small World War Two tower, possibly a former watch post and/or gun is visible on aerial photographs (S3) within an area of military defences and structures recorded as part of the main Swanton Morley record (NHER 2830).
S. Massey (NMP), 03 March 2008.

Monument Types

  • ANTI AIRCRAFT DEFENCE SITE? (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • BUILDING (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • OBSERVATION POST? (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Bamford, H.. 2002. MPP Sites Report..
<S2>Unpublished document: Trimble, G. & Underdown, S.. 2002. NAU Report No. 770. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation on land adjoining Swanton Morley Airfield, Beetley, Norfolk.. pp 12-14.
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 3G/TUD/UK/51 5125-6 31-JAN-1946 (NMR).

Related records

37159Part of: Multi-period activity and an Early Saxon cemetery at Roosting Hills (or Beetley) Quarry (Monument)
2830Part of: Swanton Morley Airfield (Monument)
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