Record Details

NHER Number:36663
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Saxon pottery, early medieval pit and several structural features

Summary

It is possible that the area contains remains of a medieval, or even Late Saxon, cemetery from which the current churchyard has contracted. However, no features indicative of this have been noted, and it is thought that the small sub-rectangular features previously noted are likely to be vegetable beds. The south wall of the churchyard is present in this area, as are a number of 18th and 19th century tombstones. Trial trenching in 2002 revealed a burnt surface with Roman tile, and a pit with early medieval pottery and postholes.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 82039 08920
Map Sheet:TF80NW
Parish:SWAFFHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

May 2001. NAU desktop survey.
Site consists of northern part of area covered by archaeological desktop survey on site of Nos 87-95 Market Place, Swaffham.
Linear north to south aligned features visible over area appeared to be continuations of rows of gravestones in church yard of Saint Peter and Saint Paul to the north (NHER 2698). Rows of small sub-rectangular features were visible between the lines. This would appear to be a possible southern extension of the graveyard to the north. Cartographic evidence would suggest that the area was defined prior to the development of plots on the Market Place frontage in the medieval period. The site would thus appear to be a remnant of the early medieval or even Saxon churchyard, which has since contracted. Tithe map (1843) indicates that area formed rear of residential/commercial property by later post medieval period.
See NAU Report 606 (S1).
S. Tremlett (NAU).

June 2001.
Site visited following receipt of Desk Based Assessment. The south wall of the churchyard was found to be 18th century in date; the rows of tombstones are partly 19th century, partly a more recent reordering. E. Rose (NLA), D. Gurney (NLA) and A. Rogerson (NLA) considered the small sub-rectangular features to be more probably vegetable beds. The conclusion of the Desk Based Assessment were not accepted, but evaluation was felt to be necessary as the land was clearly of archaeological potential in any case.
E. Rose (NLA), 3 January 2003.

January 2002. NAU evaluation. Contexts 1 - 64.
Trial trenching revealed a burnt surface containing a fragment of Romano-British tile, a pit containing sherds of early medieval pottery and several structural features including two post-holes. A single flint flake of possible Mesolithic/Early Neolithic date and a burnt flint were also recovered.
See NAU Report 666 (S2).
See also (S4).
D. Gurney (NLA), 6 March 2002.

January 2003. NAU watching brief.
No features or artefacts of archaeological interest were observed in the excavated footings. The depth of the trenches reduced the likelihood that underlying archaeological deposits would be observed during the excavation.
See NAU Report No 792 (S3).
A. Cattermole (NLA), 1 March 2005.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DITCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • CHURCHYARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HEARTH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • BURNT FLINT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • FLAKE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FLOOR TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). TF 8208C - D.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Unpublished document: Tremlett, S.. 2001. NAU Report No. 606. 87-95 Market Place, Swaffham: Report on an Archaeoligcal Desktop Survey..
<S2>Unpublished document: Hobbs, B. P. 2002. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation at 87-95 Market Place, Swaffham, Norfolk. NAU Report No. 666.
<S3>Unpublished document: Hobbs, B.P.. 2003. NAU Report No. 792. Report on an Archaeological Watching Brief at 87-95 Market Place, Swaffham, Norfolk..
<S4>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2003. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2002. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt II pp 368-384. p 381.

Related records - none

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