Record Details

NHER Number:34032
Type of record:Monument
Name:Prehistoric flint and medieval and post-medieval pot and metal items, Bacton to Great Yarmouth pipeline project

Summary

A concentration of Prehistoric flints as well as medieval tiles and architectural fragments, a medieval weight, post-medieval coins, pottery and other finds found during a fieldwalking and metal detecting survey carried out by the NAU in advance of the construction of the Bacton to Great Yarmouth pipeline. Excavation in 1999 revealed a number of Bronze Age and Iron Age ditches.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 5060 1376
Map Sheet:TG51SW
Parish:ORMESBY ST MARGARET WITH SCRATBY, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK

Full description

January-April 1997. Systematic Fieldwalking and Metal-detecting Survey.
Field survey on proposed route of Bacton to Great Yarmouth pipeline (Field/Location RDX 34.2).
A concentration of 36 Prehistoric flint fragments including a blade, flakes, and retouched flakes were recovered from the vicinity of the southernmost east-west ridge, where undated trackways and linear fetures run to the west of the route. These finds appear to continue the concentrations of worked flint observed in RDX 34.3 (NHER 12828) and RDX 34.4 (NHER 34033) to the south. Together, this records a general flint scatter covering approximately 1250m.
A medieval lead weight, medieval and post medieval ceramic building material, 15 sherds of post medieval pottery, and two post medieval coins were also recovered from this field. The post medieval material was primarily concentrated at the northern end of the field. This portion of the plot was once allotment gardens.
See report (S1) for further details.
The archive associated with this work has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2011.55 and NWHCM : 2017.395).
H. Hamilton (NLA), 3 June 2008. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 12 May 2019.

November 1998. Systematic Fieldwalking Survey.
Additional field survey on proposed route of Bacton to Great Yarmouth pipeline (Field/Location RDX 34.2; Site 10).
This area was selected for further, more detailed, fieldwalking but cropping regimes prevented access.
See report (S2) for further details.
H. Hamilton (NLA), 3 June 2008.

November 1998. Geophysical Survey.
Bacton to Great Yarmouth Gas Pipeline (Site 10 - Area A).
Geophysical Survey along the 30m easement of the proposed pipeline recorded anomalies interpreted as a linear feature and possible associated pits towards the north of the surveyed area.
See report (S3) for further details.
H. Hamilton (NLA), 04 June 2008.

March-May 1999. Excavation.
Excavation on route of Bacton to Great Yarmouth pipeline (Site 10N).
A ditch containing 22 struck flints including 9 retouched pieces and 14 sherds of Mid to Late Bronze Age pottery was excavated in the extreme north-western corner of the site. Several other ditches not shown on aerial photographs ran roughly east-west across the site, which could have been Bronze Age, but no finds were recorded. A curvilinear gully running north-south along the site post-dated two of the east-west ditches and therefore is possibly of late prehistoric date.
A substantial ditch cutting the curvilinear gully contained five sherds of possible Iron Age or late prehistoric pottery. A small hearth consisting of scorched pebbles and flints with fragments of fired clay was recorded during topsoil stripping contained Iron Age pottery and it is possible that this feature also dates to this period.
See publication draft (S4) and assessment report (S5)/(S6) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S7).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2011.55 and NWHCM : 2017.395).
S. Howard (NLA), 3 February 2010. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 12 May 2019.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • GULLY (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD?)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • DITCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • HEARTH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BLADE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BURNT FLINT (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FLAKE (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Middle Bronze Age to Late Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • LOOMWEIGHT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD?)
  • POT (Roman - 300 AD to 399 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Crowson, A. 1997. Bacton to Great Yarmouth Power Station Pipeline Archaeological Fieldwalking Survey. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 262. RDX 34.2.
<S2>Unpublished Contractor Report: Crowson, A. 1998. Bacton-to-Great Yarmouth Power Station Pipeline. Archaeological Fieldwalking Survey. Part II. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 362. Site 10 (RDX 34.2).
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: Bartlett, A. D. H. 1998. Bacton to Great Yarmouth Pipeline. Report on Archaeogeophysical Survey. Bartlett-Clark Consultancy. Site 10 (Area A).
<S4>Unpublished Report: Bates, S. 2008. Archaeological work on the line of the Bacton to Great Yarmouth Gas Pipeline, Norfolk, 1997-9. Publication draft. Site 10 (North), pp 52-59.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Bates, S. and Crowson, A. 2004. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design for Archaeological Excavations and Watching Brief on the Bacton to Great Yarmouth Gas Pipeline, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 924. p 18.
<S6>Unpublished Document: Bates, S.. 2004. Addendum to NAU Report No. 924: Assessment Report and Updated Project Design.. Norfolk Archaeological Unit.
<S7>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2000. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1999. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt III pp 521-543. p 522.

Related records - none

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