Record Details

NHER Number:26525
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period finds and features at former Start-Rite shoe factory, Duke Street

Summary

An archaeological evaluation was undertaken in 2003 in advance of redevelopment work.The earliest deposits on the site consisted of water meadow soils of Late Saxon date, with industrial and domestic debris occurring within them. By the early medieval period the surface levels had been raised, and processing pits were cut into these dumped deposits. There is evidence to suggest that such processing included the soaking of horncores and tanning. Other local industries which dumped their waste on the site included iron smelting, animal slaughtering, processing and skinning. During the 18th and 19th centuries cottages with cellars were built along the frontage of Duke Street.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2295 0894
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

March 2000. Watching brief monitoring five test pits for Wilcon Homes.
Medieval sherds, undated metal working debris and animal bones found.
See (S1) for further details.
See also (S7).
J. Allen (NLA), 8 February 2002.

August 2001. Evaluation. From context 100. (In actual fact they started from context 1, goes to at least 45).
The site contains potentially important archaeological remains dating from the medieval and early post medieval periods, commonly sealed by a relatively substantial overburden. Deep intrusions relating to the former industrial use of the site are present in the centre of the site. These include a brick-vaulted structure that was probably an air-raid shelter, deep reinforced concrete machine bases and cellaring.
See (S2) for further details.
See also (S6).
J. Allen (NLA), 10 August 2001.

September to October 2003. NAU evaluation. Contexts 100 to 356.
The earliest in-situ deposits on the site consisted of water meadow soils of Late Saxon date, with industrial and domestic debris occurring within these deposits.
By the early medieval period (12th to 14th centuries) the surface levels had been raised by over 1m, and processing pits were cut into these dumped deposits. There is evidence to suggest that such processing included the soaking of horncores and tanning. Other local industries which dumped their waste on the site included iron smelting, animal slaughtering/processing and skinners.
During the 18th and 19th centuries cottages with cellars were built along the frontage of Duke Street.
See (S3), (S4) and (S5) for further details.
J. Allen (NLA), 2 October 2006.

Monument Types

  • STRUCTURE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • WATER MEADOW (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ABATTOIR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HEARTH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HORNCORE PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • IRON WORKING SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TANNING PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CELLAR (Post Medieval - 1700 AD to 1899 AD)
  • HOUSE (Post Medieval - 1700 AD to 1899 AD)
  • AIR RAID SHELTER (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • PLANT MACRO REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • SAMPLE (Unknown date)
  • XFIRED CLAY (Unknown date)
  • FLAKE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HECKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SLAG (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SLAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDOW (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2004. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2003. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt III pp 573-588. p 583.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: NAU. 2000. Notes on a Watching Brief at Duke Street.
<S2>Unpublished document: Boyer, P. & Murray, J.. 2001. Interim Report.
<S3>Unpublished document: Green, F.M.L.. 2003. NAU Report No. 889. An Archaeological Evaluation at the former Start-Rite factory site, Duke Street, Norwich, Norfolk..
<S4>Slide: Various. Slide. 1-78.
<S5>Photograph: NAU. 2003. MWJ-MWL.
<S6>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2002. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2001. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt I pp 162-177. p 171.
<S7>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2001. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2000. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt IV pp 707-728. p 721.

Related records

40367Related to: Multi-period site beside the River Wensum, former Start-Rite Factory (Monument)

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