Record Details

NHER Number:3742
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bronze Age bowl barrow known as Hill of Peace

Summary

This Bronze Age bowl barrow is visible as a circular mound. The ditch surrounding it can be seen as a crop mark on aerial photographs. It has been suggested as the location of a windmill, but this is unlikely.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 7426 1878
Map Sheet:TF71NW
Parish:GAYTON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1957. Visit. Tumulus 91m (100 yards) west of Icknield Way.
Bones discovered in rabbiting. Called Hill of Peace according to [1]. Partly destroyed 1892, but still standing about 90cm (3 feet) high in 1957.
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

Marked on (S1).

1976. Visit.
39m diameter, 50cm high, ploughed.
A. J. Lawson (NAU), 16 March 1976.

April 1981. Visit.
(S2) states that local people call it the soldiers burial ground. The local constable was said to have found 'Roman remains' on it. (S3) stated that a coin of Hadrian around 120 AD was found on it. A windmill once stood here. (S4) states barrow deeply ploughed, surrounding ditch visible as soilmark. Few sherds of medieval green glazed ware on surface.
See (S5).
E. Rose (NAU), 7 April 1981.

[2] can find no references to any windmill ever standing here.
E. Rose (NAU), 4 February 1982.

Suggests confusion with site NHER 15000.
E. Rose (NAU).

1983 and 1988. Visit.
Now under pasture.
J. Wymer (NAU) 1988.

22 July 1993. NLA air photography.
Site visible as a cropmark only.
M. Brennand (NLA), 8 February 2001.

September 2000.
Scheduled. Ancient Monument Number: 30584.
D. Gurney (NLA), 19 October 2000.

17 November 2003. Visit.
In Doctor's Wood to north pits probably from clay extraction related to nearby old brickworks are visible.
H. Paterson (A&E), 17 November 2003.

Monument Types

  • WINDMILL MOUND (Unknown date)
  • BOWL BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • RING DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Associated Finds

  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF 7418A-E, G.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1993. TF 7418H - J.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. TF 7418L - K.
---Scheduling record: English Heritage. Scheduling Report.
---Unpublished document: Paterson, H. (A&E). Norfolk Ancient Monuments Management Project Site Form.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Gayton.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: CXX 8, EMD 13.
<S1>Serial: 1893. Cambridge Archaeological Society Collection. Vol VII. p 113.
<S1>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1824-1836. Ordnance Survey First Edition 1 inch..
<S2>Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 71 NW 6.
<S3>Monograph: Bryant, J.. 1900. Norfolk Churches..
<S4>Serial: Smallwood, J.. Council for British Archaeology Group 6 Bulletin.. No 26.
<S5>Monograph: Cutting, W.. 1889. Gleanings about Gayton (Norfolk) in the olden time..

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2018 Norfolk Historic Environment Service