Record Details

NHER Number:3734
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman building


The remains of a Roman building and a pit were excavated in 1950. The excavation recovered a large amount of Roman building material, pottery and tiles. More pottery and building material including tiles and tesserae, and pieces of iron slag were recovered in 1978.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 704 179
Map Sheet:TF71NW

Full description

3rd century sherds and coin (S7).
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

'Cropmarks on St. Joseph AP ACN 23 196', (S1), written on (S2).
Very doubtful.
E. Rose (NAU).

66 Acre Field, High Barn, Ashwicken.
Darkish square on southern slope, much Roman pottery including early 3rd century folded beakers.
Thick flint built walls hit by plough.
Piece of niedermendig quern, flue tiles, roofing tiles. Iron slag.
Two 'pits' at north end of field under plough.
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

October 1950. Southwest corner of field.
Trial excavation by J.O.H. Nicholls and students of Lynn Technical School.
Trenches A to C in area about 9.1m by 12.2m (30' x 40') yielded building debris (tiles and bricks).
Trenches D to H area about 6.1m by 6.1m (20' x 20') about 30.5m (100') east-southeast of trenches A to C were round rubbish pit about 1.83m to 2.4m (6 to 8') diameter and 1.2m to 1.83m (4 to 6') deep with black pie-dish rims, corky ware at bottom. Much building debris but no structural remains in situ.
See (S3), (S4) and (S5).
[1] said to have coin and spearhead from this site in his possession.
R.R. Clarke (NCM)

KLM 1993.688 includes Roman, Late Saxon and medieval sherds, a Bawsey tile and some animal bone labelled 'Ashwicken 1975' by Nicholls, suggesting that work continued on the site in later years.

A heavy scatter of Roman buildings debris and bloomery slag is visible on a slight ridge under plough.
The finds include brick, tegulae, tesserae and 3rd/4th century pottery including Nene Valley ware over an area about 40m diameter at a density of about five sherds per square metre. The bloomery appears to be centred to the southwest of the building site at TF 7032 1785 with the maximum density of slag about 3 to 4 pieces per square metre.
Information from (S6).
R.J. Rickett (NAU) 23 April 1990.

Article missing form file [J. Yates, 12 November 2010].

Monument Types

  • SITE (Unknown date)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPEAR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Illustration: Price, G.A.. 1950. Sketch Plan.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Leziate [3].
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Aerial Photograph: CUCAP ACN 23.196.
<S2>Map: NCM. NCM Record Map.
<S3>Article in Serial: 1951. [unknown]. Journal of Roman Studies. Vol XLI, p 132.
<S4>Newspaper Article: Lynn News. 1950. Excavation at Ashwicken. 21 October.
<S5>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1950. [unknown]. 21 October.
<S6>Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 71 NW 4.
<S7>Serial: 1962. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1962. No 9. p 2.

Related records - none

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