Record Details

NHER Number:3421
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Handaxes and other Palaeolithic worked flints.

Summary

Two broken handaxes and a number of other Palaeolithic worked flints were recovered from quarry pits near Blackborough End during the 1890s. The mapped extent of this record reflects the most likely source of these finds.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 6755 1446
Map Sheet:TF61SE
Parish:MIDDLETON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1890s. Stray Find.
During the 1890s a number of Palaeolithic worked flints were recovered in quarry pits near Blackborough End - a small village that lies in the southernmost part of Middleton parish. The majority of these items appear to have been recovered by C. B. Plowright. According to (S1) Plowright found half an implement in 1890, flakes in 1893 and another implement in 1894. A note on (S1) suggests that the flakes were examined by P. K. L. Schwabe, who identified them as "Clactonian"; suggesting they were relatively crude stone-struck pieces. These finds are apparently also mentioned in W. G. Clarke's manuscript notes (S2).

The most likely provenance of these objects is a series of large pits to the south-east of Blackborough End which are marked on the 1st Edition O.S map. The mapped extent of this record indicates the position of the largest pit, although it should be noted that there were a number open in the area at this time, including a reasonably substantial pit on the opposite side of Mill Drove. Wymer (S3) also believed that these pits were the most likely source of these finds.

The King's Lynn Museum holds two Palaeolithic objects that are recorded as having been found by Plowright at the Blackborough End pits during the 1890s (KILLM : 2001.485; KILLM : 2001.486), along with a handaxe fragment found by a Mr Lawns at the same location in 1890 (KILLM : 2001.519). This museum also hold another handaxe fragment recorded simply as coming from Middleton (KILLM : 2001.515); although as it was found by Plowright in 1890 it was almost certainly from the same location as the other finds. These are the four objects identifed by Roe (S3), who noted the unprovenanced Middleton handaxe and listed the finds from Blackborough End as a handaxe, an unretouched flake and a miscellaneous worked fragment. This would suggest that the museum records are inaccurate, given that they currently list all four of the pieces as handaxes.

At least three of these pieces were examined by Wymer (S4), who noted that although they had suffered recent damage the handaxe fragments did not appear to be more than slightly rolled. A primary flake that he examined was in a similar condition. These finds are also noted in (S5) and (S6).

Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 29 November 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC? to 40001 BC?)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S2>Publication: Clarke, W.G.. Mss 126. 2.
<S3>Monograph: Roe, D. A. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. CBA Research Report. No 8. p 235.
<S4>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 43.
<S5>Unpublished Document: Wessex Archaeology. 1996. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 9 (Great Ouse) and 12 (Yorkshire and the Lincolnshire Wolds). N&W-2, No. 10.
<S6>Website: TERPS online database. Site 23071.

Related records - none

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