Record Details

NHER Number:31821
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman and possible Early Saxon features

Summary

Excavation in 1996 in advance of construction of a golf course revealed ditches and pits with Bronze Age pottery sherds and worked flint. A pit with a Roman pot and a pair of double ditches, perhaps indicating a Roman trackway, were also noted. Metal detecting on this site also recovered Roman and medieval coins and metalwork. Further work in September to December 1996 discovered Bronze Age and Iron Age pots, Iron Age or Early Saxon ditches, a Middle Saxon strap end and a number of post medieval finds. The turnpike road NHER 9741 was also noted crossing this site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2223 0194
Map Sheet:TG20SW
Parish:STOKE HOLY CROSS, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

April 1996. Fieldwalking and detecting in advance of possible golf course extension. Susans Wood.
Scatter of flint flakes.
Further details to come.
Location plan in file.
Compiled by E. Rose (NLA), 19 April 1996.

Details of 1996 work:
Excavations revealed ditches and pits with Bronze Age sherds and worked flint; a pit with a Roman pot; and double ditches, perhaps an Roman trackway.
See report (S1) filed under NHER 31820.
The turnpike road NHER 9741 was sectioned within this site.
Illegal metal detecting rally on site during evaluation produced Roman and medieval coins and metalwork, listed in report as above.
E. Rose (NLA), 30 August 1996.

25 June 1996. NLA aerial photography (S2).
NAU evaluation - site visible.
H. Clare (NLA), 23 August 2001.

2 July 1996. NLA air photography (S3).
Site of evaluation trenches at Dunston Hall Woods photographed. No features visible.
S. Massey (NLA), 23 July 2001.

September to December 1996.
Further work produced Bronze Age and Iron Age pots,
Iron Age or Early Saxon ditches
Middle Saxon strap end
Post medieval finds.
The turnpike was revealed again.
Report (S4) filed under NHER 31856.
Comp. E. Rose, 19 February 1999.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • DITCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • HEARTH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DITCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • QUERN (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PLANT MACRO REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HORSESHOE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2201ABZ - ACD.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1997. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1996. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 547-564. pp 559-560.
---Unpublished document: 1999. NAU Report No. 315. Excavations at Dunston Hall, Norfolk.. January.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Bates, S.. 1996. NAU Report No. 183. Evaluation at Dunston Hall Golf Course..
<S2>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2201ABR - ABY.
<S3>Aerial Photograph: TG 2201/AR - AX; TG 2202/AQ.

Related records - none

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