Record Details

NHER Number:31821
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman and possible Early Saxon features

Summary

Excavation in 1996 in advance of construction of a golf course revealed ditches and pits with Bronze Age pottery sherds and worked flint. A pit with a Roman pot and a pair of double ditches, perhaps indicating a Roman trackway, were also noted. Metal detecting on this site also recovered Roman and medieval coins and metalwork. Further work in September to December 1996 discovered Bronze Age and Iron Age pots, Iron Age or Early Saxon ditches, a Middle Saxon strap end and a number of post medieval finds. The turnpike road NHER 9741 was also noted crossing this site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2223 0194
Map Sheet:TG20SW
Parish:STOKE HOLY CROSS, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

April 1996. Systematic Fieldwalking and Metal-detecting Survey.
Field survey in advance of possible golf course extension. Susans Wood.
Prehistoric flint flakes and some scrapers and retouched pieces.
Further details to come.
See short summary in report (S1) for further details.
E. Rose (NLA), 19 April 1996. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 8 April 2015.

June-July 1996. Trial Trenching.
Excavations revealed ditches and pits with Bronze Age sherds and worked flint; a pit with a Roman pot; and double ditches, perhaps an Roman trackway.
The turnpike road NHER 9741 was also sectioned within this site.
Illegal metal detecting rally on site during evaluation produced Roman and medieval coins and metalwork, listed in report as above.
See report (S1) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2).
E. Rose (NLA), 30 August 1996. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 8 April 2015.

25 June 1996. NLA aerial photography (S3).
NAU evaluation - site visible.
H. Clare (NLA), 23 August 2001.

2 July 1996. NLA air photography (S4).
Site of evaluation trenches at Dunston Hall Woods photographed. No features visible.
S. Massey (NLA), 23 July 2001.

September to December 1996. Excavation and Watching Brief.
Various features recorded during monitoring of topsoil stripping. A single location (Area F) was also subject to a more controlled excavation.
Work produced Bronze Age and Iron Age pots,
Iron Age or Early Saxon ditches
Middle Saxon strap end
Post medieval finds.
The turnpike was revealed again.
See report (S5) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2).
E. Rose, 19 February 1999.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • DITCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • HEARTH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DITCH (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • QUERN (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PLANT MACRO REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HORSESHOE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2201ABZ - ACD.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Bates, S. 1996. Evaluation at Dunston Hall Hotel Golf Course. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 183.
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1997. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1996. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 547-564. pp 559-560.
<S3>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2201ABR - ABY.
<S4>Aerial Photograph: TG 2201/AR - AX; TG 2202/AQ.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Shelley, A. 1999. Excavations at Dunston Hall, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 315.

Related records - none

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