Record Details

NHER Number:3028
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Palaeolithic flint handaxes, Walsis Farm, Lenwade

Summary

Between 1969 and 1992 five Palaeolithic flint handaxes were recovered on the land of Walsis Farm, Lenwade (Great Witchingham). Two of these handaxes were found close to the main farm buildings, these recovered from dumped gravel that had been dug up from a deposit exposed near the river. Two further handaxes were subsequently recovered somewhere in the vicinity of this location and a fifth was recovered from gravel that was exported from the farm in 1992.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 0895 1820
Map Sheet:TG01NE
Parish:GREAT WITCHINGHAM, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Palaeolithic finds from Walsis Farm, Lenwade (Great Witchingham):

1969. Stray Find.
Found at TG 0893 1825, in gravel dumped at this location (originally from 2ft [60cm] deep layer near river):
2 Palaeolithic flint handaxes. The first was found by [1]. See drawing (S1). The second, which was broken, was found by [2] (at the same location). See drawing (S2).
Information from (S3). These discoveries were reported in (S4).

The complete handaxe was subsequently described by J. J. Wymer (S5) as a thin pointed handaxe (Wymer type F b/iv), 18.5cm long with a basil point and the broken implement as an ovate (Wymer type K e/-), c. 15cm long when complete. These handaxes are also noted in (S6) and (S7), although no additional information is given.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 20 May 2014.

1971. Stray Find.
Picked up by [3] on surface of strawberry field:
2 Palaeolithic flint "Acheulian" handaxes. See drawings (S8) and (S9).
Information from (S3). These discoveries were reported in (S10).

These objects were described by J. J. Wymer (S5) as a thin pointed handaxe (Wymer type F b/iv), 16.5cm long, with basal point (S8) and a pointed handaxe (Wymer type F b/I), 15.5 cm long (S9). They are also noted in (S6) and (S7), although, again, no additional information is given.

It should be noted that the grid reference given for these finds (TG 0900 1823) is noted as (S3) as being only approximate. It is more than possibly that they were found elsewhere on the farm, although they are probably derived from the same gravel deposit.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 20 May 2014.

1992. Stray Find.
Found by [4] on newly laid surface of Lenwade Cricket Club car park (the material for the resurfacing of which was brought from Walsis Farm):
1 Palaeolithic flint handaxe. See drawing (S12). Donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1993.16).
As with the handaxes found in 1971, the mapped extent of this record should not be taken as the exact provenance of this find, although (as with the earlier finds) it was probably derived from the same gravel deposit.
Identified by P. Robins (NCM), see description in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 23 November 1992. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 20 May 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)

Associated Finds

  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Illustration: Beaty, S. 1969. Drawing of a Palaeolithic flint handaxe from Great Witchingham.. Card. 1:1.
<S2>Illustration: Beaty, S. 1969. Drawing of a broken Palaeolithic flint handaxe from Great Witchingham.. Card. 1:1.
<S3>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S4>Serial: 1969. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1969. No 16. p 11.
<S5>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 55.
<S6>Unpublished Document: Wessex Archaeology. 1997. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 8 (East Anglian Rivers) and 11 (Trent Drainage). W&Y-2, No.4.
<S7>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22576.
<S8>Illustration: Clough, T. 1971. Drawing of a Palaeolithic flint handaxe from Great Witchingham.. Card. 1:1.
<S9>Illustration: Clough, T. 1971. Drawing of a Palaeolithic flint handaxe from Great Witchingham.. Card. 1:1.
<S10>Serial: 1971. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1971. No 18. p 11.
<S12>Illustration: Robins, P. 1992. Drawing of a Palaeolithic flint handaxe from Great Witchingham.. Paper. 1:1.

Related records - none

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