Record Details

NHER Number:29034
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmarks of Roman villa and possible temple

Summary

The spectacular cropmarks of a Roman villa are visible on aerial photographs. The villa is an excellent example of a late Roman twin-wing villa with a large central room and two large living rooms to either side. The cropmarks of the villa are so clear that the details of the hypocaust, the underfloor heating system, are visible. Close to the villa are the cropmarks of another small building, possibly a Roman temple, as well as three possible cist tombs. Roman pottery, tiles and tesserae have been found on the site.

Images

  • The spectacular cropmarks of a Roman villa in North Pickenham  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF80NE
Parish:NORTH PICKENHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

July 1992. NLA air photography.
Context 1. Roman winged villa.
Context 2. Possible temple.
Context 3. Cist tombs (three or four).
Copies in file.
D.A. Edwards (NAU), 7 July 1992

4 March 1993. Site visit.
See (S1) in file.
D. Gurney (NLA) 15 March 1993.

26 June 1996. NLA air photograph by D. Edwards (NLA).
Marks of villa very clear and distinct, with evidence of channeled hypocaust visible.
Copy in file.
D. Edwards (NLA) 2 August 1996.

For details see confidential file.
D. Gurney (NLA) 22 July 1997.

26 June 1996. NLA air photography.
Photographs taken of exceptional parchmarks of villa building and possible temple, to west.
S. Massey (NLA), 24 September 2001.

Before 3 October 2006. Fieldwalking.
Roman pottery sherds, tile fragments and a tessera.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 February 2007.

Fieldwalking before 8 February 2007.
Romano-British sherds, tesserae, tile fragments and plaster.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 August 2007.

Monument Types

  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CIST (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HYPOCAUST (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEMPLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSELLATED FLOOR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VILLA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Undated)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSERA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSERA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF8605 M-AJ,ABB,ABC,ABH.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 8605ABS - ABW.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 8605ABJ - ACR.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 8605ACA - ACE.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 8605ACU - ADA.
---Newspaper Article: 1996. Eastern Daily Press. 7 August.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Gurney, D.. 1993. Report on North Pickenham villa. 13 March.

Related records - none

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