Record Details

NHER Number:2655
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval mill hill, Mount Close Field

Summary

In 1958 an excavation on this site identified the presence of a medieval mill-mound, as well as a number of Neolithic flints and an Early Bronze Age barbed and tanged arrowhead. This site has now been built over.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 8146 0932
Map Sheet:TF80NW
Parish:SWAFFHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1958. Excavation.
Mound in Mount Close Field, partly excavated by E. P. V. Whitaker, April 1958.
Made soil to 4 ft from top then sand contained mixture of Neolithic flints including barbed and tanged arrowhead, medieval sherds mainly 13th - 14th centuries, 15 - 16th centuries stoneware at 3 ft 6 inches (1m), 17th century type at 2ft (0.7m). Bronze pin. Fragment of lava quern.
Probably a medieval mill-mound.
Finds in King's Lynn Museum (KILLM : 1960.19).
Information from (S1), (S2) and (S3), the notes on which are apparently from a copy of Whitaker's report.
See also brief summaries of this work in (S4), (S5) and (S6).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 29 May 2018.

The worked flints from this site in the King's Lynn Museum were subsequently identified by F. Healy (NAU) as an Early Neolithic laurel leaf (S7), a fragmentary Neolithic polished flint axehead and a Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age barbed and tanged arrowhead.
Information from (S8), in which drawing (S7) is reproduced.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 29 May 2018.

1977.
Material examined by C. Dallas who reports that some of the sherds are Thetford ware (Late Saxon).
E. Rose (NAU).

On the tithe map 1843 this is called Millhill piece, Mill Hill ten acres, Mill Field Six Acres on other side road.
Information from H. Apling.
E. Rose (NAU), 23 March 1982.

Site now built over, no remains.
Compiled by H. Paterson (NLA), 11 June 1996.

Monument Types

  • MOUND (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDMILL MOUND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LAUREL LEAF (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUERN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 80 NW 19.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Swaffham.
<S2>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Swaffham.
<S3>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Post-Medieval. Swaffham.
<S4>Serial: 1958. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries. Vol 5. p 5.
<S5>Article in Serial: 1959. Other Archaeological Excavations 1958. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 11 (for 1958) pp 1-2. p 2.
<S6>Article in Serial: Wilson, D. M. and Hurst, J. G. 1960. Medieval Britain in 1958. Medieval Archaeology. Vol III (for 1959) pp 295-326. p 325.
<S7>Illustration: Healy, F. Drawing of an Early Neolithic fragmentary flint laurel leaf. Film. 1:1.
<S8>Thesis: Healy, F. 1978. The Neolithic in Norfolk. pp 645, 657.

Related records - none

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