Record Details

NHER Number:2495
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible site of Roman salt works

Summary

A scatter of Roman pottery and briquetage recovered during fieldwalking is associated with the cropmark of a small rectangular enclosure suggesting that this site was used for salt-making in the Roman period. An auger traverse carried out in 1989 did not confirm any of the features which had been visible from the air.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 5308 9869
Map Sheet:TL59NW
Parish:NORDELPH, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK
UPWELL, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Context 3 at 5305 9865.
Cropmarks ?small rectangular enclosure, on infra-red aerial photograph 26 July 1963.
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

2 January 1989. Context 1 at 5312 9870. Conditions good, well weathered ploughed.
Couple of fragments of pottery away from NDH 10.
R. Silvester (NAU) 2 January 1989.

Context 2 at TL 5303 9862c. Area 57m east to west x 39m north to south. Conditions good, well-weathered ploughsoil.
Sparse spread of pottery, abundant fired clay, patches of grey ashey soil, patches of fired clay and briquetage and occasional fragment of bone and shell.
All on top of silt ridge. Material more common in east of defined area, and little to west.
R. Silvester (NAU) 2 January 1989.

18 January 1989. Context 2 continues to south - overall dimensions about 60m north to south x 57m east to west. Into Upwell parish.
R. Silvester (NAU) 19 January 1989.

Cropmarks visible on RCHM air photograph in NAU.
S. Norton (NAU), 31 October 1990.

Group of small rectilinear enclosures (RAF/1601/4069).
Ordnance Survey air photos show 3 rectangular enclosures about 20m sq.
No archaeological finds were made on investigation.
Information from (S1).
R.J. Rickett (NAU) 22 February 1990

1989-90. Further work carried out on this site during the Fenland evaluation project at Context 2.
The fieldwork involved an auger traverse across the site (no trace of features visible from air recognised), taking of samples of subsoil by auger, measuring level of water table (well below any archaeological deposits). A dossier has been prepared for English Heritage - see (S2) in file.
M.D. Leah (NAU) August 1990.

For full details of wares, flint types etc see (S3).

Monument Types

  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • SALT WORKS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BRIQUETAGE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TL5398D, RAF/1601/4069, OS 76/126 258-59.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. NDH 10. FENS.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. NDH AH. FENS.
---Monograph: Phillips, C.W. (ed.). 1970. The Fenland in Roman Times: studies of a major area of peasant colonization with a gazetteer covering all known sites and finds.. Royal Geographical Society Research Series. No 5, pp 231-3.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Nordelph.
<S1>Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TL 59 NW 1.5.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Leah, M. D. (NAU) and Mathews, M. (NAU). 1990. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission Dossier.
<S3>Archive: Fenland Folders.

Related records - none

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