Record Details

NHER Number:24606
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bronze Age hoard, prehistoric flints and multi period pottery sherds

Summary

Archaeological excavations here during the period 1988-89 recovered a diverse range of artefacts from an area of pits, linear features and a possible hearth. Finds included a Bronze Age gold torc and copper alloy spearhead, Neolithic flints and Early Bronze Age and Roman pottery sherds. The Bronze Age metalwork finds may have been part of a hoard.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TL88NE
Parish:CROXTON, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK
THETFORD, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Summer 1988. Metal detecting. Context 1.
Roman Bronze head stud brooch with hinged pin and transverse ribbing on bow. 2nd century.
Found by [1].
A. Rogerson (NAU), 20 June 1988.

19 June 1988. Surface find on area stripped for pit. Context 2.
Middle Bronze Age gold torc, bronze spearhead, palstave and ring, all found in close proximity.
Finders [1] and [2].
Finds illustrated, see (S1).
See (S2) for circumstances of discovery.
See (S3) for an assessment of the significance of these finds.
Declared Treasure Trove on 2 November 1988.
A. Rogerson (NAU), 20 June 1988.

19 June 1988. Context 3. In borrow pit.
Two small pits containing dark soil; southern pit had been investigated by unknown persons but still produced two joining rim sherds of a mid 1st century AD bowl. Finder [3].
Site also seen by A. Rogerson (NAU).
Pottery identified by A. Gregory (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NAU), 20 June 1988.

November 1989. Contexts 4-12. Seen fleetingly during grading.
Eight small pits with dark fillings (contexts 4 to 11).
One hearth (context 12) or pit with dark soil on road line.
Two linear features, one square shaped, one hook shaped.
See sketch on 1:1250 in file and (S4).
More details of depths, fills etc to follow from [4].
Finds including Beaker pottery sherds from contexts 4, 10, 11.
See description by J. Wymer (NAU) in file.
A. Rogerson (NAU), 12 December 1989.

February 1990.
Bronze Age hoard now in Norwich Castle Museum.
Photo prints of contexts 4 to 11 in file.
A. Rogerson (NAU), 16 February 1990

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • HEARTH (Unknown date)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • HEARTH (Beaker - 2300 BC? to 1700 BC?)
  • PIT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • HOARD (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • PALSTAVE (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • RING (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • SPEAR (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • TORC (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Article in serial: Gurney, D. 1990. Archaeological Finds in Norfolk 1989. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt I pp 96-106. p 98.
---Thesis: Garrow, D.. 2006. Pits, Settlement and Deposition during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in East Anglia. during the Neolithic and Early Pits, Settlement and Deposition during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in East Anglia.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
<S1>Illustration: Finds Illustrations.
<S2>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1988. Bypass gold torc find was 'roaring success'.. 3 November.
<S3>Article in serial: Needham, S.. 1990. The Penard-Wilburton Succession.. Antiquaries Journal. Vol LXX. pp 253-70.
<S4>Photograph: Rushbrooke, R.. 1989. Photographs of pit features, Thetford Bypass..

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