Record Details

NHER Number:2403
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Unprovenanced Mesolithic and Neolithic worked flints, South Runcton (Runcton Holme, poorly located)


During the 1920s a number of prehistoric flint implements were recovered at unrecorded locations in South Runcton (now part of Runcton Holme parish). These included a Mesolithic tranchet axehead, several Neolithic flaked and polished flint axeheads and a Neolithic flint sickle.

Images - none



Full description

Various prehistoric flint objects known to have been found in the South Runcton area (now part of Runcton Holme parish) during the early 20th century but with little additional information regarding provenance.


The Norwich Castle Museum holds three prehistoric flints axes that were donated by H. C. Peacock in 1933:

1904. Stray Find.
1 polished flint axe with ochreous staining (NWHCM : 1933.35.3). Presumably Neolithic.

1916. Stray Find.
1 polished flint axe with ochreous staining (NWHCM : 1933.35.1). Presumably Neolithic.

1928. Stray Find.
1 prehistoric chipped flint axe (NWHCM : 1933.35.8). Recorded as being found in the same field as the axehead found in 1904. This axehead was identified by R. Jacobi as a Mesolithic "Norfolk-type axehead" with a tranchet scar on its upper surface. Information from (S1).


Pre 1931. Stray Find.
On 5 March 1931 H. C. Peacock exhibited a number of prehistoric objects from South Runcton at a meeting of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. These were reported as including “…a magnificent curved sickle flaked from a polished flint implement, three complete and several incomplete polished flint axes, and two finely-flaked axes" (S2). Information from (S3) and (S4). These objects probably include the three unprovenanced axeheads noted above and two other implements held by the NCM that are listed as being from Garbold’s Pit (NHER 2397).

The sickle (previously recorded seperately as NHER 2404) is noted in (S5), which notes that by this time it was held by the NCM. This object was not readily identified in the museum's records, although it is possible that it is one of the Garbold's Pit implements (NWHCM : 1933.35).

Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 17 July 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)

Associated Finds

  • TRANCHET AXEHEAD (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FLAKED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SICKLE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card. NHERs 2403-2404.
<S1>Archive: R. Jacobi. -. Jacobi Archive. 10329.
<S2>Article in Serial: 1931. Summary of Proceedings. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. Vol VI Pt IV p 385. p 385.
<S3>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Runcton Holme.
<S4>Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 60 NW 24.
<S5>Article in Monograph: Sainty, J. E. 1935. Norfolk Prehistory. Report of the Annual Meeting, 1935. Norwich, September 4-11. British Association for the Advancement of Science. Appendix pp 60-71. p 65.

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