Record Details

NHER Number:2398
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Mesolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman objects, Holme Park Farm Gravel Pits

Summary

Mesolithic flint flakes, Bronze Age flints, Roman and Iron Age pottery sherds and a Roman halberd head made from iron were recovered from Holme Park Farm Gravel Pits in the 1930s.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 6184 0988
Map Sheet:TF60NW
Parish:RUNCTON HOLME, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

In the mid 1930s a variety of finds appear to have been recovered from this former quarry pit. Some of the records, such as (S1), clearly refer to this pit, which is described as lying "East of Holme Park farm". It is also marked on some subsequent O.S maps as a place where Iron Age and Roman finds had been recovered. It has been assumed that this pit is also the source of a number of discoveries that were reported as coming from the "New Pit" around this time (the 'old' pit being Garbolds pit - NHER 2397). A degree of uncertainty is however introduced by the fact that this pit has been recorded by (S2) and (S3) as lying "1/4 mile nearer Runcton Holme village and c. 100 yards west of main road". This is presumably an error, as the pit clearly lies further from Runcton Holme village than Garbolds Pit.
P. Watkins (HES), 25 November 2013.

1936. Stray Find.
From New Pit:
Flint flakes found. Recorded under (S3) so presumably thought to be Mesolithic. Discovery apparently reported in (S4).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 25 November 2013.

Also flints of Bronze Age type.
E. Rose (NLA).

1936. Site No. 2. New pit 90m (100yds) west of main road and 0.25 miles nearer Runcton Holme village. (i.e. nearer than pit to south, not nearer than below finds).
Roman pottery found by [1].
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

1937. New pit.
[1] describes find as an iron halberd head.
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

Sketch in file.

1937. Gravel pit east of Holme Park Farm. West of main road.
Iron Age pottery at least one 'early' rim. (p.t.2).
Information from [1]. Pottery (1939) information from [2].
See (S4).
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • HALBERD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Article in serial: Thomson, F. H. 1958. A Romano-British Pottery Kiln at North Hykeham, Lincolnshire: with an Appendix on the typology, dating and distribution of 'Rustic' Ware in Great Britain. Antiquaries Journal. Vol XXXVIII Nos 1 and 2 pp 15-51. pp 36, 45, 51.
---Illustration: Finds Illustrations.
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 60 NW 1.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Runcton Holme.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Iron Age. Runcton holme.
<S2>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Runcton Holme.
<S3>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Mesolithic.
<S4>Article in serial: Clarke, R. R.. 1939. The Iron Age in Norfolk and Suffolk. Archaeological Journal. Vol XCVI pp 1-113. p 100.
<S4>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1938. 23 June. nr King's Lynn.

Related records - none

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