Record Details

NHER Number:2382
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Walsoken Steam brick and Tile Co. Works, Wisbech Brick Company Works


This is the site of the Walsoken Steam brick and Tile Co. Works which operated in the post medieval period. This works was notable for its two 'Newcastle' kilns, the only known examples to be recorded in Norfolk. In 1868 a Bronze Age socketed axehead was dug up here from a depth of 1.8m.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 4825 0910
Map Sheet:TF40NE

Full description

Bronze Age axe and brickyard.
Walsoken Steam brick and Tile Co. Works.

See Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society survey of brickworks on fiche, which describes two Newcastle kilns, unique in Norfolk.

1868. Found about 1.8m (6ft) below surface (ground surface approximately 3.1m (10ft) OD or less.
Socketed axe.
Held by Wisbech Museum.
In B. A. Catalogue.
Copy of NCM card by R. R. Clarke (NCM).

Object could not be found at Wisbech Museum, but it is not the same as the axe from Swaffham as previously suggested (NHER 17404) as BA card index clearly shows.
A. J. Lawson (NAU) 19 August 1981.

Object found 1981.
Labels state it was found 12 October 1868 (not 1808) and presented to Museum 8 August 1898 by Mrs. R. Bennett of Walsoken, from the William Smith Collection. Object was found in 'W. Fevreys Brick pit in a vein of Chaur'.
Information from Jane L. Arthur, Curator.
E. Rose (NAU) 12 October 1981.

Drawn by A. J. Lawson (NAU) 1982 (see file).

The brick kilns of Walsoken Steam Brick & Tile Works are marked on 25ins. O.S. map 1927 (S1) and are of the Newcastle variety. As of 1992 it was still believed that these are the only 2 Newcastle type kilns in Norfolk.
The site is now used by Collett's of Wisbech as a construction storage yard.
NIAS records (S2)
W. Arnold HES 10/01/11

Monument Types

  • BRICK KILN (Post Medieval to Modern - 1540 AD to 1927 AD?)
  • BRICKWORKS (Post Medieval to Modern - 1540 AD to 1927 AD?)
  • TILE KILN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Illustration: Finds Illustrations.
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 40 NE 21 [2].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Walsoken.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-7. Ordnance Survey 25 inch 2nd edition (revised 1902-7).
<S2>Archive: NIAS. Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society Records.

Related records - none

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