Record Details

NHER Number:23238
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible prehistoric occupation site

Summary

A general scatter of prehistoric worked and burnt flints and pieces of medieval pot were recovered by the Fenland Survey. Concentrations of prehistoric pot and oyster shell may be indicative of prehistoric occupation. Cropmarks of a possible undated ring ditch have also be suggested at the location of one of these concentrations on an aerial photograph, however the archaeological nature of this cropmark is uncertain.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 6282 1163
Map Sheet:TF61SW
Parish:TOTTENHILL, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

27 January 1987. Fenland fieldwalking.
Very well weathered, ploughed and harrowed soil.
Field between Tottenhill Row Common, Spring Pit and Long Wood.

Context 1. TTH AF.
General scatter = odd sherds of ?medieval pottery from side of road and flints mainly from north end of field.
Pot boilers scattered across field.

Context 2.
Small spread at 6282 1172.

Context 3. TTH 2.
= 6285 1176. Sparse to moderate spread pot boilers and one oyster shell on gentle slope, not far from spring head.
Maximum 26m north to south x 25m east to west at 5.8m OD.

Context 4. TTH 3.
= 6279 1181. Sparse spread of pot boilers around spring head soil a little peaty.
Minimum 20m northwest to southeast x 7m northeast to southwest at 5.2m OD.
R. Silvester (NAU), 28 January 1987.

27 March 1987.
Couple of flints found in remaining part of field.
R. Silvester (NAU), 27 March 1987.

1982. CUCAP aerial photograph.
Has white circular mark approximately on the site of context 3 but not like a normal ring ditch.
E. Rose (NAU), 15 July 1991.

For full details of wares, flint types etc. see (S1).

September 2007. ALSF NHER Enhancement Sub-Unit D.
April 1995. Desk based assesment.
The area has been subjected to systematic archaeological fieldwalking which identified three concentrations of burnt stones, reasonably assumed to be of prehistoric age. One of these concentrations is located within a circular cropmark of unknown date. A further possible cropmark is located close to the easternmost corner of the field. A general background scatter of medieval pot and flint was observed by the Fenland fieldwalking survey.

The majority of known evidence is concentrated towards the north of the field, which is close to the settlement of Tottenhill Row. There are springs in the area and the Fenland survey recorded the presence of peaty soil. The potential for survival of soft organic remains within this area are as yet unclear, but there is some potential for waterlogged preservation of archaeological deposits around the springs.
Information from (S2).
M. Dennis (NLA), 19 September 2007.

One field south of Tottenhill Row revealed 2 pot boiler sites (TTH 2 and TTH 3), at least one other thin scatter of burnt flint and several flint flakes. One of these pot boiler spreads lay around a hollow formed by the spring that, within living memory, provided Tottenhill Row with its water supply.
Information from (S3).
M. Dennis (NLA), 28 September 2007.

Norfolk NMP. August 2008.
Examination of the aerial photographs as part of the NMP mapping suggested that both of the ‘cropmarks’ referred to above are of agricultural or non-archaeological origin.
S. Massey (NMP), 27 August 2008.

Monument Types

  • RING DITCH? (Unknown date)
  • BURNT MOUND? (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • OCCUPATION SITE? (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF6211-E.
---Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. TTH 2. FENS.
---Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. TTH 3. FENS.
---Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. TTH AF. FENS.
<S1>Archive: Fenland Folders.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Griffiths, D.. 1995. Oxford Archaeological Associates Limited Report. Land at Watlington and Tottenhill, Norfolk. Archaeological Assessment..
<S3>Monograph: Silvester, R. J. 1988. The Fenland Project Number 3: Marshland and Nar Valley, Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 45. p 136.

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