Record Details

NHER Number:21435
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Late Saxon box mounts and other multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting and fieldwalking between 1985 and 1992 recovered a number of potentially Mesolithic worked flints; undatable prehistoric, Early Neolithic, Neolithic and Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age worked flints; Late Saxon, medieval and medieval/post-medieval pottery sherds; medieval coins; a medieval jetton and Bronze Age to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include an important group of Late Saxon zoomorphic box mounts and box fittings, the majority of which were recovered from a relatively small area in the corner of the field. Other metal objects found include a Bronze Age copper alloy spearhead tip; a Roman brooch; a burnt Early Saxon cruciform brooch fragment; a Late Saxon bridle cheek piece; a ?Late Saxon ?balance; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; a medieval barrel padlock, lead seal matrix, decorated lead sheet, lead weight and lead cross and a post-medieval coin weight.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 28 33
Map Sheet:TG23SE
Parish:SWAFIELD, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

This record originally detailed a collection of finds recovered in the south-eastern corner of this field (Context 1 at [1]). It has now been expanded to incorporate a series of previously individually recorded findspots from across the whole field.

April 1985. Metal-detecting.
Found by [21] in south-east part of field, just north of Crudshole Lane (Context 1 at [1]):
1 Late Saxon box/book mount.
See description in file.
Compiled by T. Gregory, 7 May 1985. Information from file notes.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

November 1985. Metal-detecting.
Found by [21] at Context 1, approximately 25m WNW of above:
3 Late Saxon pottery sherds and 1 zoomorphic mount from end of gabled box lid. See drawing (S1) and (S2).
4 medieval pottery sherds (unglazed).
1 medieval/post-medieval pottery sherd (LMT).
Pottery sherds donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1985.404.13).
Information from file notes.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

February 1986. Fieldwalking.
Found by [22] in area of Context 1:
Medieval pottery sherds (unglazed).
Donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1986.64.5).
Identified and compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 11 February 1986.
Information from file notes.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

September-October 1986. Fieldwalking.
Found by [22] south of Craunching's Loke at Context 2 (centred at [2]):
3 prehistoric "worked flints".
Donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1986.64.10). Listed as Neolithic in museum records.
Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 October 1986. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23102.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

November 1986. Metal-detecting.
Additional finds recovered by [21]. Found in area of Context 1:
1 Late Saxon box mount with unusual animal head relief. Cf. example from NHER 2024 (NWHCM : 1985.379.3). Published in (S3).
1 ?Late Saxon strap distributor.
1 medieval coin, pottery sherds (including green-glazed Grimston) and 1 decorated lead sheet.
1 undatable copper alloy casting (bad).
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM), see descriptions in file. Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM).
Information from file notes.

Found at Context 3 ([3]):
1 medieval coin.
Identified and compiled by T. Gregory (NAU), 4 December 1986. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23164.

Found at Context 5 ([5]):
1 Late Saxon ?finial from casket.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM). Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), January 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23401.

Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

December 1986. Metal-detecting.
Found by [21] at Context 4 ([4]):
1 medieval lead weight.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM). Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 10 December 1986. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23400.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

February 1987. Fieldwalking and metal-detecting.
Metal-detecting mostly by [21] (some objects found/retained by [22]) with fieldwalking undertaken by [22].

Found in area of Context 1:
1 Roman brooch.
1 Early Saxon brooch (burnt cruciform fragment).
1 Late Saxon 1 box corner, 1 zoomorphic box mount (similar to that found in 1985), 1 ?corner mount and 1 decorated ?box mount (not convex like other of this type) - see (S4).
1 ?Late Saxon ?balance rod.
1 medieval coin, 1 barrel padlock (x-ray NX 2356), 1 bell, 1 copper alloy vessel repair, 1 lead seal matrix and 1 kidney-shaped buckle frame (originally identified as probably ?Victorian handle) see NCM polaroid (S5).
1 medieval/post-medieval buckle.
1 post-medieval copper alloy sheet.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM). Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987.
Information from file notes.
Kidney-shaped buckle frame identified from polaroid by A. Rogerson (NLA), 31 December 2004, see parallels in (S6).

Found by [21] at Context 6 ([6]):
1 post-medieval coin weight.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM). Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23476.

Found by [22] at Context 7 ([7]):
1 Early Neolithic large flint leaf arrowhead.
Identified by J. J. Wymer (NAU). Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23477.

Found by [22] at Context 8 ([8]):
1 prehistoric flint flake. Subsequently donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2000.81.14.4).
Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23478.

Found by [22] at Context 9 ([9]):
1 Neolithic flint scraper. Subsequently donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2000.81.14.5).
Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23479.

Found by [22] at Context 10 ([10]):
1 Mesolithic/Neolithic flint blade with retouched edges.
1 Neolithic small flint pick with polished facet on one end and 1 retouched flake.
Blade and retouched flaked subsequently donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2000.81.14.6)
Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23480.

Found by [22] at Context 11 ([11]):
3 undatable prehistoric flint flakes.
1 ?Neolithic flint scraper.
Subsequently donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2000.81.14.7). This collection also includes a previously unreported post-medieval buckle.
Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23481.

Found by [22] at Context 12 ([12]):
1 ?Mesolithic flint "micro-core".
Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23482.

Found by [22] at Context 13 ([13]):
1 Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age barbed and tanged flint arrowhead.
Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23483.

Found by [22] at Context 14 ([14]):
1 Mesolithic flint microlithic blade and 1 scraper.
Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23484.

Found during metal-detecting by [21] at Context 15 ([15]):
1 medieval French jetton. 14th-15th century, cf (S8). Rubbing made by NCM.
Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23486.

Found by [22] at Context 16 ([16]):
1 Mesolithic flint microlithic blade.
1 Mesolithic/Neolithic flint flake.
Subsequently donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2000.81.14.8).
Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 13 February 1987. Information from (S7).
Previously recorded as NHER 23487.

Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

June 1987. Fieldwalking.
Found by [21] in area of Context 1:
2 undatable prehistoric flint flakes.
Medieval pottery sherds (unglazed).
Identified by J. J. Wymer (NAU). Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 19 August 1987.
Information from file notes.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

March 1988. Metal-detecting.
Found by [21] in area of Context 1:
1 Medieval lead (?mortuary) cross. See NCM polaroid (S5).
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM). Compiled by W. Milligan (NCM), 26 April 1988.
Information from file notes.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

1990. Metal-detecting.
Found by [22]:
Late Saxon pottery sherds (Thetford ware), 1 box mount (Ringerike-style engraved decoration), 1 box mount fragment, 1 mount fragment and 1 bridle cheek piece (Ringerike-style decoration).
Medieval pottery sherds (unglazed, including Early Medieval rim), 1 buckle pin and 1 looped fastener.
1 undatable silver fragment with blue enamel.
See NCM polaroids (S5).
Identified and compiled by S. Margeson (NCM), 25 March 1990.
Information from file notes.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

January 1992. Metal-detecting.
Metal-detecting by [23]. Found at Context 17 ([17]):
1 Bronze Age copper alloy broken spearhead tip. Worn. See drawing (S9).
J. Davies (NCM), 21 February 1992.
Previously recorded as NHER 28862.

Found at Context 18 ([18]):
1 Medieval coin. Penny of Edward I. Class III (1280-1). Bristol mint.
J. Davies (NCM), 21 February 1992.
Previously recorded as NHER 28865.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

February 1992. Metal-detecting.
Further metal-detecting by [23]. Found at Context 19 ([19]):
1 medieval coin. Sixpence of Elizabeth I, 5th issue (1593).
J. Davies (NCM), 14 February 1992.
Previously recorded as NHER 29974.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

April 1992. Metal-detecting.
Further metal-detecting by [23]. Found at Context 20 ([20]):
1 medieval coin. Edward I silver penny. Class IXb. York mint (1300-1302).
J. Davies (NCM), 5 May 1992.
Previously recorded as NHER 28978.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 23 June 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 10000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE CORE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • FLAKE (Early Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 10000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • MICROLITH? (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • MICROLITH? (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • RETOUCHED BLADE (Early Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 10000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • PICK (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • SPEARHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BALANCE? (Late Saxon - 851 AD? to 1065 AD?)
  • BOOK FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX? (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX? (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BRIDLE FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HARNESS (Late Saxon - 851 AD? to 1065 AD?)
  • HARNESS (Late Saxon - 851 AD? to 1065 AD?)
  • MOUNT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CRUCIFIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PADLOCK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SHEET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SHEET (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished document: Transco/Network Archaeology. 2002. Network Archaeology Report No. 179. Bacton to Kings Lynn Proposed Gas Pipeline. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Illustration: White, S.. 1986. Drawing of a Late Saxon zoomorphic box mount. Paper. 2:1.
<S2>Photograph: CSJ 17-36, EAD 1-4.
<S3>Article in serial: Margeson, S. 1986. A Group of Late Saxon Mounts from Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXIX Pt III pp 323-327.
<S4>Illustration: [Norwich Castle Museum staff]. 1987. Drawing of a Late Saxon ?box mount with engraved ?foliage ornament. Card. 1:1.
<S5>Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
<S6>Monograph: Margeson, S.. 1993. Norwich Households: Medieval and post-medieval finds from Norwich Survey Excavations 1971-1978.. East Anglian Archaeology. No 58. Plate IX.
<S7>Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S8>Publication: Barnard, F. P. 1916. The casting-counter and the counting-board: a chapter in the history of numismatics and early arithmetic. p 123 VIII 83.
<S9>Illustration: Robins, P. 1992. Drawing of a Middle Bronze Age spearhead fragment.. Paper. 1:1.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service