Record Details

NHER Number:1981
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Palaeolithic flint cleaver and flakes and Late Saxon and medieval pottery

Summary

In 1932 a large sherd of Late Saxon pottery and a sherd of 13th century glazed ware were recovered from a quarry here. Two years later a Palaeolithic cleaver and two retouched Palaeolithic flakes were found by J. E. Sainty, during a visit to inspect the gravels exposed in the pit.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 823 327
Map Sheet:TF83SW
Parish:SYDERSTONE, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1932. Stray Find.
Found in gravel pit on common, north of road from Syderstone to Docking, east of 20 Acre Plantation:
1 Late Saxon pottery sherd (large sherd with external band of thumb printing). Now held by Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1953.177.36).
Found nearby:
1 medieval pottery sherd (13th-century glazed ware).
Information from (S1) and (S2).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 11 December 2013.

8 August 1933. Stray Find.
Found by J. E. Sainty in a gravel pit north of the main road to Docking and east of 20 Acre Plantion:
1 Palaeolithic fragmentary "Acheulian cleaver" and 2 flakes. These object were donated to the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1959.41). Information from (S3).
The cleaver is described and illustrated in (S4), which also records how it was found during a visit to the pit with Dr. J. D. Solomon.
This implement is listed as a handaxe in (S5), which also record the flakes as both being retouched. These finds are also noted on (S6) and in (S7), (S8) and (S9). A sketch of the broken core tool on (S6) was probably copied from (S4).

A large ochreous flake from Syderstone was amongst a number of items from Sainty's collection that were donated to the Norwich Castle Museum in 1981 (NWHCM : 2007.319.15). This flake is marked "Syderstone (Hurn's Pit) 12/10/35" and was probably from this site. Although its condition is very similar to the flints found in 1933 it is not particularly convincing as an artefact and may well be natural.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 11 December 2013 and 5 September 2014.

30 June 1980. Field Visit.
Site visited by J. J. Wymer. Remains of pit, now levelled and ploughed. At lowest point of area.
Information from (S6).
P. Watkins (HES), 6 February 2016.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 1000000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CLEAVER (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Upper Palaeolithic - 500000 BC? to 10001 BC?)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Late Saxon. Swainsthorpe.
<S2>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Syderstone.
<S3>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S4>Article in Serial: Sainty J. E. and Solomon, J. D. 1933. Some Norfolk Palaeolithic Discoveries. With an Appendix on Implementiferous Gravels in East Anglia. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. Vol VII Pt II pp 171-177. p 176.
<S5>Monograph: Roe, D. A. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. CBA Research Report. No 8. p 239.
<S6>Record Card: Wymer, J. J. Wymer Index Card - Palaeolithic. Syderstone.
<S7>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 18.
<S8>Unpublished Contractor Report: 1997. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 8 (East Anglian Rivers) and 11 (Trent Drainage). Wessex Archaeology. p 45.
<S9>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22420.

Related records - none

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