Record Details

NHER Number:1981
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Palaeolithic flint cleaver and flakes and Late Saxon and medieval pottery

Summary

In 1932 a large sherd of Late Saxon pottery and a sherd of 13th century glazed ware were recovered from a quarry here. Two years later a Palaeolithic cleaver and two retouched Palaeolithic flakes were found by J. E. Sainty, during a visit to inspect the gravels exposed in the pit.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 823 327
Map Sheet:TF83SW
Parish:SYDERSTONE, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1932. Stray Find.
Found in gravel pit on common, north of road from Syderstone to Docking. East of 20 Acre Plantation.
One large sherd of Late Saxon pottery with external band of thumb printing. Now held by Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1953.177.36). One sherd of 13th century glazed ware found nearby. Information from (S1) and (S2).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 11 December 2013.

8 August 1933. Stray Find.
Several Palaeolithic worked flints found by J. E. Sainty in a gravel pit north of the main road to Docking and east of 20 Acre Plantion. These included part of an "Acheulian cleaver" and two flakes, all three of which were donated to the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1959.41). Information from (S3). The cleaver is described and illustrated in (S4), which also records how it was found during a visit to the pit with Dr. J. D. Solomon.

The cleaver is listed as a handaxe in (S5), which also lists the two flakes as both being retouched. These finds are also noted in (S6), (S7) and (S8), although little or no additional information is given.

A large ochreous flake from Syderstone was amongst a number of items from Sainty's collection that were donated to the Norwich Castle Museum in 1981 (NWHCM : 2007.319.15). This flake is marked "Syderstone (Hurn's Pit) 12/10/35" and was probably from this site. Although its condition is very similar to the flints found in 1933 it is not particularly convincing as an artefact and may well be natural.

Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 11 December 2013 and 5 September 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CLEAVER (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Palaeolithic - 500000 BC? to 10001 BC?)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Late Saxon. Swainsthorpe.
<S2>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Syderstone.
<S3>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S4>Article in Serial: Sainty J. E. and Soloman, J. D. 1933. Some Norfolk Palaeolithic Discoveries. With an Appendix on Implementiferous Gravels in East Anglia. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. Vol VII Pt II pp 171-177. p 176.
<S5>Monograph: Roe, D. A. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. CBA Research Report. No 8. p 239.
<S6>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 18.
<S7>Unpublished Document: Wessex Archaeology. 1997. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 8 (East Anglian Rivers) and 11 (Trent Drainage). p 45.
<S8>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22420.

Related records - none

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