Record Details

NHER Number:19040
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman/Saxon saltern or medieval sea defence

Summary

Fenland fieldwalking here in 1983 recorded the presence of an earthen mound. This mound was interpreted as either a breakwater from the Sea Bank or as a saltern mound. Excavations on site in 1999 revealed part of a probable brine-settling tank of pre medieval date; with an infill of briquetage, and two post medieval sherds.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 4788 1556
Map Sheet:TF41NE
Parish:WEST WALTON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

5 March 1983.
Mound, probably breakwater protruding from Sea Bank as NHER 18567, 18571. Seems to be about same size, shape and height as others. Not properly plotted. Covered by Ingleborough Farm.
R. Silvester (NAU) March 1983.

This is more probably a saltern.
R. Silvester (NAU) 1985.

7 April 1999. Watching Brief.
Observation of commercial excavations.
Revealed part of a probable brine settling tank of pre medieval date; infill of briquetage, and two post medieval sherds, probably re-deposited.
Record of World War I veterans housing on site.
See report (S1) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2).
E. Rose (NLA) 1 September 1999.

Monument Types

  • SALTERN (excavation, Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SALTERN (excavation, Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • MOUND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SALT WORKS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEA DEFENCES (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BRIQUETAGE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRIQUETAGE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF 4715-F, TF 4815A-G.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. WNW 48. FENS.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Thesis: Davies, G.. 2010. Settlement, economy and lifestyle: The changing social identities of the coastal settlements of West Norfolk, 450-1100 AD..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Redding, M. 1999. An Archaeological Watching Brief at 'Charnwood', Ingleborough, West Walton, Norfolk. Soke Archaeological Services Ltd.
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2000. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1999. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt III pp 521-543. p 540.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2020 Norfolk Historic Environment Service