Record Details

NHER Number:18851
Type of record:Monument
Name:Deserted medieval settlement

Summary

This is the site of a deserted medieval settlement which survives as a substantial area of earthworks, including the remains of medieval tofts and a hollow way. This area of the village was probably abandoned in the 16th century. Roman, Saxon and a large amount of medieval pottery has been found by fieldwalking.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 718 062
Map Sheet:TF70NW
Parish:BARTON BENDISH, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Site of a deserted medieval settlement, just outside the main village.
A series of rectilinear enclosures, which are the remains of medieval tofts, running off a substantial hollow way, called 'Blind Lane' in a 17th century survey.
This area of settlement was probably abandoned during the 16th century.
See (S1) and (S2).

4 February 1983. Area of extensive earthworks. Divided into 2 areas.
BB 19. Northern. Context 1 centred at TF 7185 0625.
1 handmade possibly prehistoric sherd.
1 prehistoric flint-gritted.
1 medieval unglazed.
BB 20. Southern. Context 2 centred on TF 7180 0610.
3 medieval unglazed.
All these finds are from molehills.
Identified A. Rogerson (NCM) February 1983.

Also 1 Ipswich Ware rim, findspot marked on plan in file, in Context 2.
A. Rogerson (NAU) June 1987.

3 March 1987. Casual finds from molehills in Context 2. BB 20.
In addition to Ipswich Ware, see above.
2 Roman greyware.
6 medieval unglazed.
1 unidentified sherd.
A. Rogerson (NAU) August 1987.

4 March 1988. Context 3. Dense occurrence of sherds in molehills in north part of Context 1.
Shows southern extent of adjacent site NHER 18850. Context 1.
No evidence on west side track of similar.

7 June 1992.
NLA air photography shows the earthworks, in particular a large ditched toft and hollow way.
D. Edwards (NLA) and A. Rogerson (NLA).

Earthworks scheduled 1999. See (S2) in file.

Monument Types

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Undated)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Undated)
  • SITE (Undated)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Unknown date)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • Scheduled Monument
  • Higher Level Stewardship

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF7106 A-F,K-L,G-J.
---Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 19. BB.
---Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 20. BB.
---Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A.. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 104. p 16.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Article in monograph: Rogerson, A. and Davison, A. 1997. An archaeological and historical survey of the parish of Barton Bendish. Barton Bendish and Caldecote: fieldwork in south-west Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. Rogerson, A. et al.. No 80 pp 1-42. p 31.
<S2>Unpublished document: English Heritage. 1999. Schedule Report.

Related records - none

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