Record Details

NHER Number:18547
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval earthworks

Summary

The earthworks of at least two medieval tofts and medieval ridge and furrow are visible on the ground and on aerial photographs. The site is close to another possible medieval ditched enclosure, see NHER 31613.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 653 161
Map Sheet:TF61NE
Parish:MIDDLETON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1946. RAF air photographs.
Ridge and furrow and enclosures.

1977. AAR air photographs.
Ridge and furrow and enclosures.

1977. NAU air photography.
Earthworks of double enclosure, surrounded and divided by ditch. Not like old fields, more like a moat. Similar to, yet separate from, suggested deserted medieval village earthworks to north (NHER 11834).
E. Rose (NAU), 24 November 1982.

1995.
Tofts, at least two with building platforms near road, on both sides of a five or six ridge-width section of north to south ridge and furrow.
B. Cushion (NLA), November 1995.

1995.
Site extended to south of NHER 31613, with further subdued ridge and furrow.
Earthwork survey at 1:1000 and report in file for both sites, see (S1).
B. Cushion (NLA), December 1995.

25 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Ditched enclosures and ridge and furrow still visible.
S. Massey (NLA), 22 November 2001.

Earthworks in good condition, grazed by sheep. A little mole activity, minimal rabbit disturbance.
H. Paterson (A&E), 23 February 1998.

Monument Types

  • BUILDING PLATFORM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • EARTHWORK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RIDGE AND FURROW (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: AP TF 6516/H; TF 61/TF 6516/B.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 6516P, R.
---Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A.. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 104. p 202.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1996. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1995. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt III pp 397-412. p 403.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Cushion, B.. 1995. Earthwork Survey.

Related records

31613Related to: Medieval moat, south of West Hall Farm (Monument)

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