Record Details

NHER Number:18245
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmark of possible medieval to post medieval mill mound

Summary

A ring ditch, possibly a medieval to post medieval post mill mound, is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs. It lies in an area notable for its evidence of prehistoric ceremonial and funerary activity, approximately 1km to the south and east of round barrows and ring ditches of probable Bronze Age date (e.g. NHER 6741). It is therefore possible that it too represents the remains of a prehistoric round barrow. It also lies adjacent, however, to the cross of a medieval or post-medieval post mill (NHER 38552) and a similar date and interpretation for the ring ditch seems plausible. It is overlain by a field boundary which survived until the 19th century.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2276 3680
Map Sheet:TG23NW
Parish:ROUGHTON, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

THE CROPMARKS DESCRIBED BELOW WHICH LIE ADJACENT TO THE RING DITCH ARE NOW RECORDED AS NHER 38552 (A POST MILL).

16 June 1980. NAU air photography.
Positive cropmarks.
1 ring ditch with crossed trunk feature marking a post mill. Another crossed trunk feature adjacent to ring ditch.
S. Norton (NAU) 2 July 1982.

March 2004, Norfolk NMP
The cropmarks described above which lie adjacent to the ring ditch are now recorded as NHER 38552 (a post mill). NMP mapping has led to the alteration of the central grid reference of the site from TG 227 368 to TG 2277 3680.

A ring ditch, perhaps the remains of a medieval to post-medieval mill mound, is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs (S1), centred at TG 2277 3680. Its proximity to a number of ring ditches and round barrows of probable Bronze Age date (e.g. NHER 6741) suggests the possibility that this too represents the remains of a prehistoric barrow. The survival of a post mill cross (NHER 38552) 8m to its west, however, makes it more likely that the ring ditch once surrounded a mill mound. Internal features, described as a cross above but not clearly visible as such, may represent the base of a post mill. The ring ditch is overlain by a field boundary (NHER 38553), visible as the cropmark of a ditch aligned north to south, which is depicted on historic maps (S2).

The ring ditch is approximately circular in plan and has a maximum diameter of 26m. A probable causeway on its west side is defined to its north by a slightly bulbous ditch terminal. Two pits have been mapped within the ring ditch; the cropmarks are not clear enough to discern a cross-shape but it is possible that one or both of these features formed the base of a post-mill. Alternatively, if the ring ditch is Bronze Age they might represent graves.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 30 March 2004

Monument Types

  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • RING DITCH (Unknown date)
  • GRAVE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • RING DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POST MILL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING DITCH (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDMILL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDMILL MOUND (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG 2236A-D.
<S1>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A.. 1980. NHER TG 2236B-C (NLA 84/ANY7-8) 16-JUN-1980.
<S2>Map: George Pank. 1838. Roughton Tithe Map (NRO DN/TA 495).

Related records - none

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