Record Details

NHER Number:18066
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi period finds and possible Roman building

Summary

Large scatters of Roman pottery and building material found from the early 1980s onwards indicate this area may been a site of high status Roman occupation. Saxon and medieval pottery fragments have also been found, and there are the remains of a medieval moated site nearby.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 9587 8576
Map Sheet:TL98NE
Parish:BRIDGHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1981-2. In grounds of Old Rectory
At 9582 8575, NHER 18066 Context 16.
Possible small moat or ditched house platform, about 15m square. Central island grassed (ploughed in past), about 1m high.
Ditches on north, west and east dry, grown with reeds, trees etcetera. South side part of area of low ground adjacent to river, perhaps formerly flooded.
To north, land is higher.

Scatter of sherds from grounds collected by informant and owners who retain them. Collected on grid pattern.
Also from small excavation at south end.
Large amounts Roman coarseware.
Medieval unglazed.
Some green-glazed.
Two sherds Castor? Ware.
One sherd grass-tempered Early Saxon or Middle Saxon, (S3).
Visit and provisional identifications by E. Rose (NAU) 21 April 1982.

Visit and further identification by A. Rogerson (NAU) 23 April 1982.

For full identifications, including as well as above Roman tile, Ipswich and Thetford wares and post medieval sherds.
See list and plan in file and hanging plan.
Original owners have now left the property.
E. Rose (NAU) 24 August 1984.

15 April 1985.
Site visited by J. Wymer (NAU) at time of construction of new garage.
Plan in file. All of areas 16 to 23 and probably portions of adjoining squares found to have been destroyed by lake dug without planning permission.
Finds from spread spoil from this designated as context 30.
Finds from trenching for new garage in context 8 also.
Finds include Thetford type and medieval wares, Roman wares and tile; bones; flint flakes.
See detailed list in file.
Identified by J. J. Wymer (NAU).
E. Rose (NAU), 15 August 1985.

1995. Watching Brief.
Monitoring of excavation of swimming pool and groundworks for pool house.
No archaeological features observed. Finds included:
Prehistoric worked flints
Roman sherds, pin and box tile.
Medieval and post medieval sherds.
Human bone perhaps from churchyard.
See report (S1) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2).
E. Rose (NLA), 8 December 1995.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • CHURCHYARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 1996. A Watching Brief at The Old Rectory, Bridgham, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 151.
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1996. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1995. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt III pp 397-412. p 398.
<S3>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1984. Drawing of a Middle Saxon blackwear rim fragment.. Film. 1:1.

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