Record Details

NHER Number:17869
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Multi-period finds including undatable furnace bottom

Summary

Fieldwalking and metal-detecting in this area between 1981 and 2013 recovered a range of finds including an undatable furnace bottom; undatable prehistoric worked flints; an Early Mesolithic/Early Neolithic flint blade; a Neolithic laurel leaf; undated burnt flint; Iron Age to post-medieval pottery sherds; a Roman tile fragment; a medieval/post-medieval roof tile fragment; a post-medieval coin and a range of other metal objects. The metal finds include undated metal working debris and a weight; a Roman brooch; a Late Saxon unidentified object; Late Saxon to post-medieval spindle whorl; a medieval harness pendant with gilding, part of a candlestick, a key, purse frame, copper alloy vessel fragment and dress accessories including a strap end with niello cross-hatched inlay and post-medieval dress accessories, crotal bells, a thimble and a knife end-cap.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 12 90
Map Sheet:TM19SW
Parish:TIBENHAM, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Autumn 1981.
One sherd Thetford type? Ware.
One sherd either Ipswich Ware or Roman.
Finds held by NCM.
A. Gregory (NAU) December 1981.

25-26 May 1987. Found in fieldwalking.
Early Iron Age sherds, West Harling style, none of it late. Identified by A. Gregory (NAU).
Worked flint (not seen).
Two medieval sherds.
Four Ipswich Ware, plus one doubtful.
One Roman sherd. Identified by A. Gregory (NAU).
W. Milligan (NCM) 27 May 1987.

July 1987.
Core, eight scrapers.
One flake with straight edge retouch.
Fourteen flakes or blades - all Neolithic.
Identified by J. Wymer (NAU).
W. Milligan (NCM) 10 September 1987.

1984. Metal detecting.
Iron key, medieval?, solid shaft.
Purse frame with swivel loop and short bar with ball terminals.
Harness pendant, gilt copper alloy lozenge-shaped with projecting lobes in centre of each side. Central stud with convex head and shank projecting on reverse.
Strap end hook, copper alloy with niello cross-hatched inlay. See for comparison LMMC pl. LXXVI no.9.
14th century strap end fragment with animal terminal.
Copper alloy unidentified object ?handle
Identifications by S. Margeson (NCM) and A. Gregory (NAU).
W. Milligan (NCM) September 1988

1989. Fieldwalking finds.
Worked flints including Neolithic laurel leaf roughout?, also very rough core and flakes with some non-standard retouching.
Pot boilers.
Iron Age flint-gritted pottery.
Roman greyware.
Middle Saxon Ipswich Ware (twelve sherds).
Identifications by W. F. Milligan (NCM).
W. Milligan (NCM) 22 July 1991.

1997. Metal detecting.
Post medieval coin.
Undatable, ?Late Saxon (S1), Roman and medieval metal finds.
Flint scraper.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 27 June 1999.

2000-March 2003. Metal detecting.
Shapeless lump of copper alloy weighing 19g.
Small longitudinally split fragment of socketed candlestick, diameter of about 20mm, probably from base of shaft as Norwich Households no 537. 15th-16th century.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 24 May 2003.

Before 16 June 2003. Metal detecting.
1 Mesolithic/Early Neolithic flint blade.
10 Iron Age pottery sherds.
4 Middle Saxon pottery sherds (pimply Ipswich ware).
1 medieval pottery sherd and buckle.
?medieval copper alloy sheet ?vessel fragments.
1 post-medieval drawer handle back-plate and lead button.
4 undatable iron slag lumps and 1 molten copper alloy fragment.
Flint identified by P. Robins (NCM) and other objects by A. Rogerson (NLA). See lists and full descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 12 October 2003. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 13 January 2013.

Before 12 July 2004. Metal detecting.
Undatable furnace bottom.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 5 November 2004.

Gridded fieldwalking survey, J. Rhodes (Sheffield University) 2007. Site extended to whole field, previous area recorded in [2].
Late prehistoric flints, Iron Age, Romano-British, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval sherds, Romano-British and medieval/post medieval tile.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 October 2007.

Before 12 July 2012. Metal-detecting
Post-medieval metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 14 February 2013.

July 2012-March 2013. Metal-detecting. [3].
Neolithic/Bronze Age flint blade.
Late Saxon to post-medieval lead spindle whorl.
Post-medieval crotal bell.
Information from PAS import.
P. Watkins (HES), 4 July 2013.

Monument Types

  • FURNACE (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to 19th Century - 851 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • AWL (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • BORER (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • KNIFE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LAUREL LEAF (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Late Saxon to 16th Century - 1000 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CANDLESTICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL? (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • BEAD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (16th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD to 1800 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Illustration: Holness, A.. 1998. Drawing of a Late Saxon sheet of bronze rolled into a cone, possibly a socketed hook.. Paper. 1:1.

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