Record Details

NHER Number:16519
Type of record:Monument
Name:17th century flint-coursed well

Summary

In 1980 a well, probably dating to the 17th century, was discovered during the excavation of drainage. It was constructed of coursed flints with a thin internal rendering, and was recovered with a dome of possible 19th century soft red sandy brick.

The well was empty to depth of around 6m below ground surface, and water pumped out showed a filling at 6m. The well had an internal diameter of 1.10m, and there was a drain of clay pipes leading north from the top of well immediately below the dome. The well lies around 21m south of small stream draining east. A scatter of medieval and post medieval sherds were recovered from the vicinity, but this was insufficient to indicate any occupation here.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 0622 0977
Map Sheet:TG00NE
Parish:RUNHALL, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

29 August 1980. The Horseshoes Piece. 21m from north field boundary, 60m from road.
Well, discovered in mole draining.
Well (Context 1) discovered, constructed of coursed flints with thin internal rendering. Found with dome of 19th? century soft red sandy brick (top only 0.25m below ground, showing plough must have been skating over the top). Empty to depth of around 6m below ground surface. Water pumped out showed filling (not examined) at 6m. Internal diameter 1.10m. Overflow? drain of clay pipes leading north (downhill) at top of flint immediately below dome. Subsoil very heavy chalky boulder clay. Well lies around 21m south of small stream draining east. Dated of well probably 17th century or so. Area around 30m around well examined, very dry, recently chisel-ploughed (ie poor field walking conditions). Scatter of post medieval sherds (Context 2), but insufficient to indicate occupation in vicinity.
Newspaper report in file (S1).
Visit and comp. A. Rogerson (NAU), 29 August 1980.

Detailed analysis of the pottery found revealed one medieval sherd (Grimston type base with external glaze).
Post medieval wares were five oxydised with yellowish brown glaze including one rim.
One Staffordshire combed slipware base.
One base salt glazed stoneware.
One clay pipe stem.

Monument Types

  • WELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Newspaper Article: Dereham and Fakenham Times. Mystery well has villagers stumped. 5 September.

Related records - none

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