Record Details

NHER Number:1605
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period activity in the Reeddam, Sedgeford

Summary

A Middle Saxon hut was excavated here in 1953. Pieces of Roman pot and tile were found below the clay under floor of the hut. SHARP excavated test pits here in 1996 and a full area excavation between 1997 and 2001. Iron Age gullies, postholes and ditches were recorded. These indicate Iron Age occupation in the valley bottom. Some of these features contained Gallo-Belgic type pottery. There is also evidence for Middle Saxon occupation and a later Christian inhumation cemetery (also recorded in Boneyard, NHER 1609) including some coffin burials. In some areas at least four phases of burial have been identified. The cemetery was covered by a layer of sterile soil probably caused by managed flooding of the valley in the medieval period to grow reeds.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF73NW
Parish:SEDGEFORD, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1953. H. C. Lewton-Braine's Site 31.
Middle Saxon hut in marsh partly excavated.
Ipswich ware and multi-facetted headed bronze pin on floor.
Roman pottery and tile below clay under floor.
R.R.Clarke (NCM).

1996. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project test pitting.
Five test pits excavated.
All but one test pit excavated to natural subsoil revealing a clear sequence of deposits across much of the site. This included a Middle Saxon occupation level characterised by rubbish deposits containing large quantities of Ipswich ware pottery and animal bone. Other diagnostic artefacts from this phase included several pieces of bone comb. This was immediately overlain by an archaeologically sterile chalky-clay deposit of variable thickness, possibly associated with the original construction of the Reeddam in the 13th century. The Middle Saxon deposits in turn overlaid an earlier phase of activity represented by small ditches and gullies cut into the natural subsoil. One of the most interesting features of this phase, a large pit over 1m in depth filled with rammed chalk and flint packing, was possibly the foundation or footing for a substantial timber structure. The dating of this phase is uncertain, but a shallow pit from one of the test pits contained a decorated fragment of Late Iron Age flanged bowl.
See (S1) and (S2).
M. Dennis (NLA), 7 August 2006.

1997. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. Excavation. Reeddam trench.
10m by 5m main area and 3m wide link trench linking to NHER 1609.
Main trench revealed a Middle Saxon occupation deposit. A dense concentration of burials cut into this deposit. Seventeen east to west orientated burials were recorded and lifted. It is most likely that these burials represent a northern extension of the Boneyard (NHER 1609) cemetery.
Linking trench excavations were restricted to two sondages. These revealed the northern extent of the occupation debris and burials including an early coffin burial with fittings and nails. These skeletons indicate a probable uninterrupted area of burials extending northwards into the Reeddam.
See (S3) and (S4).
M. Dennis (NLA), 10 August 2006.

1999. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. Excavation. Reeddam trench.
Inhumations are very tightly packed with large amounts of disturbed bone in consequence. There is a higher proportion of juveniles in this area than in the Boneyard trench (NHER 1609).
See (S5) and (S6).
M. Dennis (NLA), 10 August 2006.

2000. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. Excavation. Reeddam trench.
More burials sealed by layers containing Middle to Late Saxon material. Sixteen skeletons lifted. In some areas at least four phases of burials. Often the charnel from the earlier burial was placed around the sides of the later grave cut. A such it may only be possible to recognise original burial phases as disarticulated bone within later grave cuts. It seems likely that the Reeddam area represents one of the initial nuclei of the Saxon cemetery that was subsequently re-used for more burials at a later date. Significant Iron Age deposits with large quantities of Late Iron Age Belgic Ware pottery were found.
See (S7) and (S8).
M. Dennis (NLA), 11 August 2006.

2001. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. Excavation. Reeddam trench.
Final Saxon burials were lifted and beneath them a number of Iron Age features were discovered and excavated. These include gullies, postholes, pits and a ditch terminus. These indicate occupation in the base of the Heacham valley potentially associated with a roundhouse. Following the excavation of these features that are cut into natural sand the trench was closed.
See (S9) and (S10).
M. Dennis (NLA), 11 August 2006.

Article missing from file, [J Yates , 20 July 2010].

Monument Types

  • BUILDING (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • DITCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • GULLY (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • DITCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • ROUND HOUSE (DOMESTIC) (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • TRANSVERSE ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • COFFIN (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COMB (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • SHEARS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STYLUS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STYLUS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Correspondence: Cox, A.. 2000. Letter. SHARP work in progress.. 14 September.
---Archive: Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project Archive.
---Archive: Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project Folder.
---Correspondence: Lewton-Braine, C.H. and Clarke, R.R.. 1953. Letters. Anglo-Saxon Hut Site, Sedgeford.
---Illustration: Lewton-Braine, C. H. 1953. Sedgeford. Hut Site. Anglo-Saxon. Excavated July-Aug 1953..
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2000. Archaeological Finds in Norfolk 1999. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt III pp 516-521. p 517.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Sedgeford.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Early Saxon. Sedgeford.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Article in serial: Faulkner, N. (ed.). 1997. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project 1996: First Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 532-535.
<S2>Unpublished document: Various. 1997. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. The Report. No 1. 1996.. February.
<S3>Article in serial: Cox, A., Fox, J. and Thomas, G. 1998. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project: 1997 Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt I pp 172-177.
<S4>Unpublished document: Various. 1998. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. The Report. No. 2. 1997..
<S5>Article in serial: van Twest, M. 2000. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project, 1999: Fourth Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt III pp 512-516.
<S6>Unpublished document: Various. 2000. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. The Report. No. 4. 1999..
<S7>Article in serial: Hoggett, R. (ed.). 2001. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project, 2000: Fifth Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt IV pp 681-683.
<S8>Unpublished document: Various. 2001. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. Interim Report 2000..
<S9>Article in serial: Cabot, S., Davies, G. and Hoggett, R. 2002. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project 2001: Sixth Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt I pp 131-133.
<S10>Unpublished document: Davies, G. and Hoggett, R. (ed.). 2002. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project Interim Report 2001.

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