Record Details

NHER Number:1474
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible site of Kyme Mill

Summary

The site of a small medieval carstone mill in the Heacham River at Eaton has been surveyed. The remains suggests this was a small undershot watermill structure. The site includes an unusual lock which would have allowed boats to pass the mill. It has been tentatively identified as Kyme Mill which is recorded in the documents as being decayed by 1546.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 6967 3651
Map Sheet:TF63NE
Parish:SEDGEFORD, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1954.
Site of small medieval mill found in Heacham River at Eaton at west end of Sedgeford Carr. Solid blocks of masonry in bank and bed of stream seen by R.R. Clarke (NCM).
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

Fragments of quern from here.
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

[1] suggests this may be the same as Kyme Mill decayed in 1546. Clowson Mill mentioned 1546, Eaton Mill/New Myll/Brendmill mentioned 1426 - though she also gives grid references TF 6962 3651 and TF 6950 3662, which are some way away.
E. Rose (NLA), 2 September 1996.

1996. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project River Survey. Field Observation.
The ruin of a carstone built watermill in the river just north of the deserted village of Eaton (NHER 11263) is a remarkable survival of a small undershot water mill which appears to be at least medieval in origin. The mill was well served being provided with level ground on both banks for landing stages. Perhaps the most remarkable element of the mill site is a lock, partly built in carstone and 2.5m in width which would have enabled punts of about 175cm in width and 3 to 4m in length to negotiate a 1m difference in water level.
See (S1) and (S2).
M. Dennis (NLA), 7 August 2006.

1997. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. Field History Course.
Survey of the deserted medieval village of Eaton (see NHER 11263) and an associated watermill. An exploratory field survey of the mill was undertaken to supplement the documentary evidence studied in 1996.
See (S3) and (S4).
M. Dennis (NLA), 10 August 2006.

June 2012. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project.
SHARP Landscape Group have suggested that the correct location of the mill recorded by SHARP in 1996 is at TF 6967 3651. A proposed survey of the mill in July/August 2012 should clarify the location.
A. Beckham (HES), 26 June 2012.

July-August 2012. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project.
Survey work undertaken by SHARP Landscape Group confirmed that the site studied by SHARP in 1997 was indeed located at TF 6967 3651 and not at TF 6976 3641 as previously mapped. Large carstone blocks, flints and a large thick ceramic tile were recorded on top of what was thought to be chalk bedrock. Two of the carstone blocks sandwiched a layer of whitish material that might be a kind of mortar. A depression observed in the north-eastern bank of the river, running towards the east, was interpreted as a trackway giving access to the river at this point. [2], during a visit to the site, suggested that the 'chalk bedrock' was in fact mortar and he discovered several large blocks of carstone with the white mortar adhering to them in the possible trackway. Raman Spectroscopy analysis of the possible mortar was inconclusive. The bypass to the possible mill site recorded in 1997 was not investigated as the area was too wet.
See (S5), (S6) and (S7) in file.
A. Beckham (HES), 28 May 2013.

Monument Types

  • WATERMILL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • QUERN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Archive: Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project Archive.
---Archive: Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project Folder.
---(No record type): Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Sedgeford.
<S1>Article in serial: Faulkner, N. (ed.). 1997. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project 1996: First Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 532-535.
<S2>Unpublished document: Various. 1997. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. The Report. No 1. 1996.. February.
<S3>Article in serial: Cox, A., Fox, J. and Thomas, G. 1998. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project: 1997 Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt I pp 172-177.
<S4>Unpublished document: Various. 1998. Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. The Report. No. 2. 1997..
<S5>Correspondence: D. Crease. 2012. Email from D. Crease (SHARP).. 24 July 2012.
<S6>Graphic material: D. Crease. 2012. Plan of the possible mill on the River Heacham at Eaton, Sedgeford..
<S7>Unpublished document: D. Crease. 2012. Examination of Mortar Sample from Mill Site on the River Heacham at Eaton. Interim Report of Phase 1, Preliminary examination with Raman Sectroscopy..

Related records - none

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