Record Details

NHER Number:13403
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman settlement and enclosures of unknown date

Summary

Fieldwalking has recovered fragments of Roman pottery and bricks from the site suggesting that this was the site of a Roman settlement in the 3rd and 4th centuries. The settlement site may be associated with a number of enclosures of unknown date that are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 542 994
Map Sheet:TL59NW
Parish:NORDELPH, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Cropmarks of small square enclosures on 'either a St. Joseph or an Ordnance Survey aerial photograph'.
Information from Ordnance Survey Inspectors to E. Rose (NAU), 8 March 1978.

(S1) gives the accurate references.

Site extended to southeast.

Linear cropmarks are visible on NAU air photographs of area.
J. Bown (NAU), 15 October 1980.

See 6" overlay.

14 December 1987. Fenland fieldwalking, good conditions, weathered ploughsoil.
Context 1 at 5431 9950c western part of eastern of two cropmark fields spread of gun flint. NDH AC.
Context 2 at 5421 9950. Sparse spread of Roman pottery with in places moderate quantities of brick fragments and odd bit of bone and shell.
Slightly greyish soil. South of Fen Causeway.
Within or close to enclosure of cropmarks.
Minimum 64m northeast to southwest x 45m northwest to southeast at 1.8m OD. NDH 6.
R. Silvester (NAU), 14 December 1987.

15 December 1987. Further work extended Context 2 west of dyke.
Pottery moderate to abundant, brick sparse to moderate, some bone.
Spreads onto a low roddon. Overall size now about 120m east to west x 40m north to south.
R. Silvester (NAU), 15 December 1987.

OS air photographs show 4 sub-rectangular enclosures about 30mx20m.
See file for aerial photograph references.
No surface archaeological finds were made on investigation.
Note OS air photographs reference and bibliography.
See (S1).
R.J. Rickett (NAU), 21 February 1990

1989 to 1990 Further fieldwork carried out on context 2 during Fenland Evaluation Project.
Auger traverse across site, and collection of subsoil silt samples.
Copy of (S2) in file
M.D. Leah (NAU), August 1990.

For full details of wares, flint types etc see (S3).

22 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Cropmarks still visible.
H. Clare (NLA), 4 January 2002.

Monument Types

  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • RING DITCH (Unknown date)
  • SITE (Unknown date)
  • SQUARE ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Undated)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • GUNFLINT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: NAU AP TL 5499A,B onwards, St.Joseph 0035 EW, Crawford 8943 62 102.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. NDH 6. FENS.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. NDH AC. FENS.
---Monograph: Phillips, C.W. (ed.). 1970. The Fenland in Roman Times: studies of a major area of peasant colonization with a gazetteer covering all known sites and finds.. Royal Geographical Society Research Series. No 5, pp 231-3. p 235.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TL 5499X - Z.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Monograph: Silvester, R. J. 1991. The Fenland Project, Number 4: The Wissey Embayment and the Fen Causeway, Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 52.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TL 59 NW 1.2 [2]; TL 59 NW 2a.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Leah, M. D. (NAU) and Mathews, M. (NAU). 1990. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission Dossier.
<S3>Archive: Fenland Folders.

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