Record Details

NHER Number:10412
Type of record:Monument
Name:Saltern mound

Summary

An earthwork of a Late Saxon or medieval saltern mound and an enclosure surrounding it are visible on aerial photographs. The mound survived until at least 1980 but had been levelled by 1990.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 4938 0787
Map Sheet:TG40NE
Parish:GREAT YARMOUTH, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK

Full description

May 1979. Visit.
Ditched area of unusual form, not apparently part of marsh drainage, noted on (S1).
E. Rose (NAU), 3 May 1979.

Northeast end rounded; causeway across southwest side. Ditches full of water; interior island banked much higher than field around. Various white stalks within; perhaps an attempt at a plantation to shelter the farm. This is in fact a saltern mound, or was.
See (S2).
E. Rose (NLA).

November 2005. Norfolk NMP.
An earthwork and cropmark of a Late Saxon or medieval saltern mound and an enclosure surrounding it are visible on aerial photographs (S3-S5). This earthwork is located at TG 4938 0786. The enclosure lies on a southwest to northeast axis and has a symmetrical sub oval plan with a 3.5m wide ditch. It has a rounded northeast end with straight sides and a straight southwest end. Two projections are present on the corners of the ditch at the southwest end and a 3m wide gap in the ditch provides an entrance. Internally the enclosure measures 44m by 19m and is completely filled by an earthwork mound. It is likely that this is a saltern mound of Late Saxon or medieval date. It is possible that Lockgate Farm, which was located less than 100m to the southwest of this mound, was also located on a former saltern mound (NHER 42174). Other saltern mounds are present within the marshland with a well preserved example lying 1.6km to the northeast, adjacent to the A47 road (NHER 4322). The mound at the present site survived until at least 1980 (S6) but had been levelled by 1990 (S2). However, the surrounding ditch was still visible as a cropmark in 1995 (S5).
J. Albone (NMP), 22 November 2005

Monument Types

  • ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • SALTERN (Unknown date)
  • CURVILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SALTERN (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Map: Ordnance Survey, First Edition, 6 Inch. 1879-1886. Ordnance Survey 1st Edition 6 inch map..
<S2>Article in serial: Lark, A.. 1990. Havens and Marshes of Yarmouth.. Yarmouth Archaeology. p 18. pp 18-19.
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 4032-3 09-JUL-1946 (NHER TG 4908A-B).
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1955. RAF 58/1674 (F21) 331-2 04-MAR-1955 (NMR).
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: ADAS. 1995. ADAS 630 222-3 26-MAY1995.
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1980. OS/80068 32-3 10-MAY-1980.

Related records - none

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