Record Details

NHER Number:9872
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible post medieval wood banks and ditches


Various banks and ditches survive in Sheringham Wood and are visible on aerial photographs taken between 1946 and 1988. It is probable that they are boundary markers and they may be post medieval in date.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 156 415
Map Sheet:TG14SE

Full description

April 1976. Visit.
Visit to investigate banks and ditches running east to west and north to south in woods being developed as leisure area. They appear to be early wood boundaries (or perhaps of pre afforestation); woods are not marked on (S1).
Information from A. Rogerson (NAU).
E. Rose (NAU).

September 1984.
Site visited for comparison with Foxley Wood banks (latter undated though wood ancient). Above identification seems correct; mostly small banks except for one large bank following track down east boundary of woods - this is probably a boundary bank or due to the wearing down of the hollow path.
E. Rose (NAU), 20 September 1984.

September 2002.
One prominent bank running east to west observed, approximately 1m high maximum, adjacent line of old trees.
H.Paterson (A&E), 7 February 2003 and 10 March 2004.

Norfolk NMP, May 2003.
There are banks and ditches visible under the trees in the woodland to the south of Sheringham. These can be seen on a variety of aerial photographs, including RAF 1946 images (S2, S3 and S4), NLA 1986 images (S5), Cambridge University Committee for Aerial Photography 1955 photographs (S6), BKS 1959 (S7) and 1988 (S8) aerial photographs and Ordnance Survey 1969 aerial photographs (S9). It seems likely that these are boundary markers of possibly post medieval date. Some of these wood banks and ditches coincide with boundaries that are still in use today and are still marked on the Ordnance Survey base map (S10). An extent of area has been plotted for these features and within that some of the most prominent features have also been plotted. However, not all the features that can be determined here have been mapped. (The stretches of bank that have been plotted range in length from 25m to 350m.) Also there is a potential boundary bank on the eastern side of the wood that is recorded under NHER 38331, due to also being the line of a post medieval road.
Also it should be noted that the area of woodland in which no banks have been plotted contained fairly dense tree cover on all of the aerial photographs consulted. There will no doubt be further wood banks in this area as well. (The area where most features have been plotted was fairly clear, especially on the BKS 1959 aerial photographs (S7).)
H. Clare (NMP) 13 June 2003.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOUNDARY BANK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOUNDARY MARKER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DITCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WOOD BANK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Map: Bryant, A.. 1826. Bryant's Map of Norfolk.
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1430 4164-6 16-APR-1946 (NMR).
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1571 4178-9 07-JUN-1946 (Norfolk SMR TG14/TG 1541C & TG 1641B).
<S4>Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1571 4213-4 07-JUN-1946 (Norfolk SMR TG14/TG1541/B & A).
<S5>Aerial Photograph: 1986. SMR TG 1541A-H (NLA 167/AZR9-16) 02-MAR-1986.
<S6>Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1955. NMR TG1541/2-3 (CUCAP PU11-12) 18-JUN-1955.
<S7>Vertical Aerial Photograph: BKS. 1959. BKS 517085-90 XX-APR-1959.
<S8>Vertical Aerial Photograph: BKS. 1988. BKS 0927-8 27-MAY-1988 (NCC 8378-9).
<S9>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1969. OS/69037 071-2 03-APR-1969 (SMR).
<S10>Map: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey 1: 25 000 map.

Related records - none

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