Record Details

NHER Number:9339
Type of record:Building
Name:St Andrew's Church, Colney


This church has a Late Saxon round tower dated to 1050 to 1100 with blocked double splayed windows and some modern ones. Some lava blocks have been built into the tower. The rest of the church is in Decorated style except the south porch that has unusual Perpendicular style windows in brick. Over the entrance to the porch is a memorial dated 1806 to John Fox incorporating a warning to dangerous drivers. Excavations here to build some soak away pits have recovered fragments of post medieval tile and jumbled human bone.


  • St Andrew's Church, Colney.  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service
  • The 'warning to drivers' at St Andrew's Church, Colney.  © F. Klykken


Grid Reference:TG 1807 0795
Map Sheet:TG10NE

Full description

April 1959. Listed Grade II*.
Listing Description excerpt:
"Late 11th-century round western tower and aisleless nave with a 14th-century chancel. Very thorough late 19th-century restoration. Flint with stone and brick dressings and slate roofs...14th-century south door with moulded arch. Blocked 16th-century north door with chamfered brick voussoirs. 16th-century south porch with brick traceried windows. Tower arch, chancel arch, roofs and most-furnishings late 19th and early 20th century. 15th-century polygonal font with Evangelist symbols and Crucifixion and Flagellation scenes...17th-century panelled chest."
Information from (S1).
Please consult the National Heritage List for England (S1) for the current listing details.
P. Watkins (HES), 26 February 2022.

13 October 1976. Visited.
Late Saxon round tower (see (S2)). 1050 to 1100 with blocked double splayed windows (and modern ones). Norman tower arch. There is a squared section joining tower to nave, but that this is not the original nave itself is shown by the nave northwest quoins, which contain lava blocks - perhaps the 'Neidermendig lava querns' that [1] claimed were built into the tower. Northwest quoins of squared 'junction' also have lava but also flint and stone. No lava in southwest quoins. Quoins at nave southeast corner also, but all stone here renewed. est of church Decorated, but nave windows are not strictly in alignment on south, and above porch there are traces of a higher and smaller blocked window with brick arch; and possible faint traces of another to east. Chancel south windows are 19th century renewals, as is east window; the brick arch above shows it was once much larger. Nave north windows also renewals. One done in Y tracery. Blocked north door, very small. South porch has unusual Perpendicular style windows in brick with 'brick tracery'. Some brick old, some renewed. Entrance to porch renewed with memorial over of 1806 warning dangerous drivers. Octagonal carved font on 'Maltese cross' base. Tomb chest 1575. Chalice brass 1502. Stained glass in a north window by Wooldridge 1874. Chalice (Norwich) 1567 Flagon (London) 1728. Some good tombstones in churchyard.
Interior inaccessible. Interior details from (S3).
E. Rose (NAU), 13 October 1976.

26/27 September 1994.
Soakaway pits each 1.30m deep and 1m diameter dug at southeast corner of porch and immediately south of tower.
Neither reached natural, all black soil, some tile fragments and jumbled bones.
A. Rogerson (NLA), November 1994.

In the chancel is buried John Brooke, husband of the writer Frances Brooke.
See (S4).
E. Rose (NLA), 14 August 1998.

Monument Types

  • CHURCH (Late Saxon to 19th Century - 851 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • WINDOW (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Brown, G. B. 1903. Anglo-Saxon Architecture. The Arts in Early England. Vol II. p 449.
---Publication: Cautley, H. M. 1949. Norfolk Churches. p 5.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 10 NE 55.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N and Wilson, B. 1999. Norfolk 2: North-West and South. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. p 267.
---Article in Serial: Ashley, S., Penn, K. & Rogerson, A.. 2011. Rhineland Lava in Norfolk Churches. Church Archaeology. vol 13, pp 27-33. p 31.
---Leaflet: The Parish Church of St. Andrew, Colney..
---Recording Form: Heywood, S. Norfolk County Council Site Record - St Andrew's Church, Colney.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Late Saxon. Colney.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
<S1>Designation: Historic England. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1050754.
<S2>Publication: Taylor, H. M. and Taylor, J. 1965. Anglo-Saxon Architecture.
<S3>Monograph: Pevsner, N. 1962. North-West and South Norfolk. The Buildings of England. 1st Edition. pp 122-123.
<S4>Article in Serial: Atkin, W.. 1997. A Most Ingenious Authress (sic).. Lincolnshire History and Archaeology. Vol 32, pp 12-30.

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