Record Details

NHER Number:7792
Type of record:Building
Name:Horsford Windmill


This tower windmill, also known as St Helena or St Helen's Mill, was probably built in 1858 and replaced an earlier smock mill on the same site. It was last used in 1912 or 1920. The mill originally had five storeys. Some of the machinery is still inside although the iron wind shaft was removed for safety reasons in 1982.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 1903 1671
Map Sheet:TG11NE

Full description

Tower mill, first used 1858, last used 1912. Suggested for preservation 1979 but nothing done by 1981.
E. Rose (NAU), 22 February 1982.

However Norfolk Windmills Trust state it was in use until 1920. Replaced an earlier post mill. Machinery in good condition, roofed over, but wind shaft removed September 1982.
E. Rose (NAU), 15 September 1982.

Photograph showing the derelict mill with part of cap missing exposing the windshaft and headwheel (brakewheel). See (S1).
A. Rix (HES), 1 August 2012.

(S2) dates to 1860 originally of five storeys; some cast iron windows remain. Tall blocking opening to east on ground and first floor. Internal floors intact. Machinery includes upright drive shaft, sack hoist, crown wheel, great spur wheel, tentering gear. One pair stones remain. Stored inside are cap frame, sprattle beam, weatherbeam, tail beam. Cast iron windshaft in store.
E. Rose (NAU), 30 November 1984.

Windshaft removed from the mill for safety reasons.
A. Rix (HES), 1 August 2012 (S3)

Some history of the mill, including the previous smock mill on the site, giving details of the sale of the mill and associated buildings and the millers. See (S4), (S5), (S6).
A. Rix (HES), 1 August 2012.

August 2009. Planning Application.
1. Alterations/Extension and Part Conversion of Mill to Form Dwelling 2. Detached Garage 3. Construction of Mill Cap.
See (S7) for further details
Z. Dack (HES), 13 August 2012.

Monument Types

  • SMOCK MILL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOWER MILL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished Document: 2011. Planning Application.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N. and Wilson, B. 1997. Norfolk 1: Norwich and North-East. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. p 565.
---Monograph: Apling, H.. 1984. Norfolk Corn Windmills. Vol I.
---Photograph: Norfolk County Council. Photograph of Horsford Mill.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Photograph: Hallam Ashley. 1952. Horsford, Norfolk. Print, b&w.
<S2>Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1051547.
<S3>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1982. Dangerous windmill shaft moved. 13 September.
<S4>Monograph: Smith, A.. 1982. Corn windmills in Norfolk: a contemporary survey.. pp 23, 41.
<S6>Website: Neville, J.. 2005. Horsford St Helena towermill. 1 August 2012.

Related records

MNO2392Related to: Horsford Mill, Mill Lane HORSFORD (Revoked)

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2022 Norfolk Historic Environment Service