Record Details

NHER Number:7168
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval manorial site east of St Edmund's Church

Summary

A medieval manorial site survives as earthworks. It includes a circular moat, enclosures, linear features and a boundary bank. The moat has been previously interpreted as a ringwork castle and was formerly known as 'Danish Camp'. The boundary bank follows the line of a Roman road (NHER 11358). A set of medieval scales and medieval pottery have been found.

Images

  • The earthworks of a medieval manorial site in Horningtoft  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TF 9437 2335
Map Sheet:TF92SW
Parish:HORNINGTOFT, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Earthworks about 460m (500 yards) east of St Edmund's Church (NHER 7183)
Manorial earthworks (formerly known as Danish Camp) probably of 14th century date. Demesne boundary follows line of Roman road NHER 11358.
Full details in file.

1830.
Silver scales found.
(S1).
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

1852. Earthworks discovered.
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

1976.
Medieval sherds found.
A. Rogerson (NAU), 14 May 1976.

1994. Earthwork Survey.
Survey at 1:1000. Major features are a not quite complete circular moat, a series of sub-rectangular enclosures and linear features to the west and a well-defined bank bounding the complex to the north, west and southwest.
See report (S2) for plan and further details. This site was included in (S3) and the survey is also noted in (S4). See also Schedule (S5)
B. Cushion (NLA) July 1994. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 2 March 2015.

March 2004. Visit.
Ditch alongside the road has been secured by Highways to alleviate flooding on the road surface. This is minimal, with little disturbance by tracked vehicles on the earthworks. Silts have been removed from the site.
H. Paterson (A&E), 12 March 2004.

Monument Types

  • ROAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MANOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MANOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RINGWORK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BALANCE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NAIL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • Management Statement
  • Management Statement
  • Scheduled Monument
  • SHINE
  • Management Statement
  • Management Statement

Sources and further reading

---Article in Serial: Fox, G. E. 1889. Roman Norfolk. The Archaeological Journal. Vol XLVI pp 331-367. p 361.
---Monograph: 1901. The Victoria History of Norfolk. The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Vol 1. p 318.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). TF 9423A-H,K-M,N-AE,AAE.
---Monograph: Bryant, T. H. 1903. Hundred of Launditch. The Churches of Norfolk. p 113.
---Publication: Carthew, G. A. 1879. The Hundred of Launditch and Deanery of Brisley: In the County of Norfolk: Corrections and Continuations of and Additions to Blomefield's History. Pt 3. p 241.
---Unpublished Document: Department Of National Heritage. 1994. Scheduled Monument Consent.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Monograph: Wade-Martins, P. 1980. Fieldwork and Excavation on Village Sites in Launditch Hundred, Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 10. p 28.
---Article in Serial: 1855. Appendix. Extracts from the Proceedings of the Committee. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol VI pp 341-366. p 359.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Horningtoft.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: AT 30-1 (plans).
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 92 SW 3 [2].
<S2>Unpublished Report: Cushion, B. 1994. Horningcroft SMR 7168. Earthwork Survey Report.
<S3>Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 104. p 111.
<S4>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1995. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1994. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt II pp 230-239. p 234.
<S5>Unpublished Report: Ministry of Works. Scheduling Report [generic record].

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