Record Details

NHER Number:7107
Type of record:Monument
Name:Pensthorpe deserted medieval village, church and multi-period finds


The site of a medieval deserted village, moat and parish church, along with prehistoric pits, a post medieval cockpit and multi-period finds. The earthworks of the village and the moat are visible on aerial photographs. Much of the village has been destroyed by gravel quarrying, although two arms of the moat survive as shallow earthworks. Excavations have revealed medieval ditches, as well as prehistoric pits. The ruins of the church are incorporated into 19th century farm buildings. The artefacts recovered include prehistoric flint artefacts, prehistoric, Roman, Late Saxon and medieval pottery and a Late Saxon book or box mount.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 9494 2916
Map Sheet:TF92NW

Full description


Earthworks destroyed. Remains of church in farm, also moat nearby.
Site of cockpit?

Medieval sherds found.

Foundations found.

Medieval sherds found.

Late Saxon sherd found.

1984. Metal detecting.
Medieval coin, Late Saxon and medieval metalwork and pottery.
E. Rose (NLA), 2 August 1999.

November 1991. Trial Trenching and Metal-Detecting Survey.
Medieval and prehistoric ditches.
Medieval, Bronze Age, Roman sherds.
Medieval coins.
See report (S4) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S5) and (S6).
A. Cattermole (NLA), 27 June 2005.

December 1991. Trial Trenching.
Excavation of two additional trenches within an area of deep soil cover identified during the first phase of work, where archaeological features may have been unusually well preserved. Features were limited to two ditches, a posthole, a pit and a stakehole. The pit had a very dark fill and contained a number of worked flint flakes, so was potentially prehistoric. With the exception of a small fragment of possible Bronze Age pottery, none of the other features produced any dating evidence.
See report (S8) for further details.
An associated archive has been deposited with Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2001.114).
P. Watkins (HES), 27 February 2014. Amended 23 July 2019.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • POST HOLE (Unknown date)
  • STAKE HOLE (Unknown date)
  • DITCH (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CHURCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • EARTHWORK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOUSE PLATFORM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COCKPIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LOOMWEIGHT (Undated)
  • BLADE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WHETSTONE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). TF 9429D-H,J-S,W,X,AH-AJ.
---Monograph: Batcock, N. 1991. The Ruined and Disused Churches of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 51. Microfiche 5:G12. No 125; p 53.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 92 NW 3 [3].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Unpublished Document: Denny, J.. Pensthorpe Church (Kettlestone).
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1986. [unknown]. 8 June.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Kettlestone.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1985. Go-ahead for waterfowl trust. 19 January.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Fiche: Exists.
---Photograph: cottages CQG 1-4 church CQG 5 metalwork CNQ 7-14.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Monograph: Bryant, T. H. 1900. Hundred of Gallow. The Churches of Norfolk. Vol VI. pp 77-82.
<S2>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Sketch of a medieval urn.. Film. 1:1.
<S3>Newspaper Article: Dereham and Fakenham Times. 1986. Valley dream is coming true. 18 July.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 1991. Summary Report. Metal-detecting and Excavation at Langor Bridge, Kettlestone, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 3.
<S5>Article in Serial: Nenk, B. S., Margeson, S. and Hurley, M. 1992. Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1991. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XXXVI pp 184-308. p 252.
<S6>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1992. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 1991. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt III pp 371-379. pp 373-374.
<S7>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a medieval urn.. Paper. 1:1.
<S8>Unpublished Contractor Report: Jackson, D. A. 1991. Supplementary Report. Further Archaeological Evaluation at Langor Bridge, Kettlestone, Norfolk. D. A. Jackson.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2024 Norfolk Historic Environment Service