Record Details

NHER Number:6353
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Saxon/medieval iron working site


An area of pits, disturbed ground and earthworks survives and is visible on aerial photographs of this area. The extent of the site is difficult to clearly define. Excavations in 1964 uncovered metal working debris and furnace bases. The metal working debris dates to the 10th and 11th century and suggests that the features were used in the processing of iron ores. Survey in 2012 found no visible features.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 1738 4167
Map Sheet:TG14SE

Full description

1964. Excavation.
Carried out for the National Trust by R. F. Tylecote, on the site of an early medieval iron smelting site, which had been previously recorded by H. Harrod. This excavation revealed quantities of iron slag, bases of furnace and a number of pit contained further iron slag and burnt clay, The pottery included Thetford ware and early medieval ware, c. 1000-1200. This site had been wrongly report into the press as Roman.
Published as West Runton in (S1) (S2).
See (S9) for further information.
E. B. Green (NCM) amended by M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 15 April 2013.

About 785m (860yds) due north of A148 at Row Farm.

At TG 1736 4120 'Pits alleged to cut into bank' - note on (S3). See also Runton find 29 under NHER 6387.
E. Rose (NAU).

'1961. About half a mile west of the 'Roman Camp' at Runton' (should put it approximately on this area).
Lump of iron slag from a mound.
Card by R. R. Clarke (NCM) found by W. F. Milligan (NCM) March 1987.

See letter and location map (S4) for 1964 excavation baseline in file.
D. Gurney (NLA) 25 October 2000.

Norfolk NMP, September 2003.
An area of disturbed ground/earthwork can be seen on Meridian Airmaps Limited aerial photographs from 1967 (S5) and Ordnance Survey 1968 aerial photographs (S6). The site is difficult to make out clearly and has been mapped as an extent of area, but it clearly coincides with the location of an iron working site previously excavated (see Tylecote 1967 (S1)). Excavation on this site has suggested a Late Saxon to medieval date. The full extent to this site cannot be seen due the woodland.
H. Clare (NMP) 18 September 2003.

Rapid Identification Survey. June 2012
Survey (S7) found no visible features in this area.
K. Powell (HES). 2 July 2012

Monument Types

  • MOUND (Unknown date)
  • FURNACE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • IRON WORKING SITE (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNACE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Beeston Regis.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Article in Serial: [Unknown]. 1967. The bloomery site at West Runton, Norfolk. Bulletin of the Historical Metallurgy Group. Vol 1 No 4 pp 5-9.
---Article in Serial: Tylecote, R. 1967. The phosphorus content of iron from the bloomery site at West Runcton, Norfolk. Bulletin of the Historical Metallurgy Group. Vol 2 No 2 p 83.
<S1>Article in Serial: Tylecote, R. 1967. The Bloomery site at West Runton. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXIV Pt II pp 187-214.
<S2>Article in Serial: Tylecote, R. F. 1968. The Phosphorus content of iron from the Bloomery Site at West Runton, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXIV pt III pp 330-331.
<S3>Map: NCM. NCM Record Map.
<S4>Unpublished Document: Tylecote, R.. 1987. Letter and map regarding 1964 West Runton excavations.
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Meridian Airmaps Limited. 1967. MAL/67028 078-9 16-APR-1967 (NMR).
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1968. OS/68082 013 25-APR-1968 (Norfolk HER TG 1741B).
<S7>Unpublished Contractor Report: Cushion, B. 2012. West Runton and Beeston Regis Heath. Archaeological Earthwork Rapid Identification Survey. Brian Cushion Archaeological & Cartographical Surveyor.
<S9>Article in Serial: Wilson, D. M. and Hurst, D. G. 1966. Medieval Britain in 1964. Medieval Archaeology. p 217.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2024 Norfolk Historic Environment Service