Record Details

NHER Number:6062
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Saxon pottery kiln and Saxon features


Features and finds were discovered at this location during the construction of houses. Excavated features included Middle and Late Saxon ditches and a Late Saxon pottery kiln. The pottery kiln produced Thetford-type wares. Finds included a Roman roof tile, an Early Saxon brooch and sherds of Middle and Late Saxon pottery.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 769 326
Map Sheet:TF73SE

Full description

1975. Field Observation.
Observation during development of former allotments.
At least two features containing Ipswich ware.
Fragment of head of square headed Early Saxon brooch, found in disturbed soil above the Middle Saxon layers and dated to 6th century.
Iron 'linen-heckle' prong and iron ?bucket fitting.
Also spread of Thetford type ware and some abraded medieval.
(S1) in file.

October 1975. Excavation.
Kiln damaged by modern disturbance, producing Thetford-type ware. Two arches survived. Stoked from east, and west end destroyed. Overlay a north to south aligned ditch containing Thetford type ware and much burnt wattle impressed daub. Three post-holes and unstratified Ipswich ware, and one fragment tegula. No medieval pot found.
See published article (S2) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S3).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2018.221).
A. Rogerson (NAU). Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 April 2019.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FEATURE (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • DITCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POTTERY KILN (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POTTERY WORKS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEGULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TEXTILE EQUIPMENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Serial: 1975. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1975. No 22. p 4.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 73 SE 10.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Smallwood, J.P.. 1975. An Anglo-Saxon site at Great Bircham (1st draft).
<S2>Article in Monograph: Rogerson, A. and Adams, N.. 1978. A Saxo-Norman Pottery Kiln at Bircham.. East Anglian Archaeology. No 8 pp33-44.
<S3>Article in Serial: Webster, L. E. and Cherry, J. 1976. Medieval Britain in 1975. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XX pp 158-201. p 167.

Related records - none

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