Record Details

NHER Number:5123
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Unprovenanced prehistoric finds, West Tofts (Lynford, poorly located)

Summary

Various prehistoric objects recorded as being found during the late 19th century and early 20th century in the West Tofts area of what is now Lynford parish, but with no additional information regarding provenance. These finds include a Late Upper Palaeolithic blade a number of Mesolithic and/or Neolithic worked flints and a Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age barbed and tanged flint arrowhead.

Images - none

Location

Parish:LYNFORD, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Various prehistoric objects recorded as being found during the late 19th century and early 20th century in the West Tofts area of what is now Lynford parish, but with no additional information regarding provenance.

FINDS IN THE NORWICH CASTLE MUSEUM

The NCM hold a prehistoric flaked flint axehead from West Tofts that was formerly part of the J. S. Warburton collection (unregistered). A label in with this object records that it was examined by R. Jacobi in 1981 who noted that it "can't be said to be Mesolithic".

1 Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age barbed and tanged flint arrowhead. Found in West Tofts by Dr. Newton. Originally donated to the Moyses Hall Museum (Bury St Edmunds) and subsequently transferred to the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1958.346.23). Information from (S1). This object is also noted in (S2).

FINDS IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM

The British Museum Sturge Collection includes a number of worked flints from West Tofts. As noted by (S3) these include several that are in the Upper Palaeolithic/Mesolithic collections. These flints are listed in the museum's records as 1 scraper, 1 backed knife and debitage (unregistered). They are not listed in either (S4) or (S5).
Previously recorded as NHER 11503.

The British Museum Sturge Collection also include a number of other worked flints from West Tofts. The West Tofts finds are listed in (S6) as 1 "disc", 1 blade, 3 arrowheads and 60 Neolithic flints of unspecied type. It is possible that some of these are the flints noted above. Information from (S1).
Previously recorded as NHER 5127.

FINDS IN OTHER MUSEUM COLLECTIONS

The Bristol City Museum Fawcett Collection includes a Late Upper Palaeolithic blade from West Tofts (FT.3799). This object is listed in (S7) and described in (S5).
P. Watkins (HES), 17 May 2013.

Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 17 May 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Upper Palaeolithic - 40000 BC to 10001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 10000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)

Associated Finds

  • BLADE (Upper Palaeolithic - 40000 BC to 10001 BC)
  • DEBITAGE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • FLAKED AXEHEAD (Early Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 10000 BC? to 2351 BC)
  • KNIFE? (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • DISCOIDAL KNIFE? (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Lynford (West Tofts).
<S2>Thesis: Healy, F. 1978. The Neolithic in Norfolk. pp 432-434.
<S3>Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card. NHERs 5123 and 11503.
<S4>Monograph: Wymer, J. J. and Bonsall, C. J. (eds). 1977. Gazetteer of Mesolithic Sites in England and Wales with a Gazetteer of Upper Palaeolithic Sites in England and Wales. Council for British Archaeology Research Report. No. 20.
<S5>Archive: R. Jacobi. -. Jacobi Archive. 241.
<S6>Publication: Smith, R. A. 1931. The Sturge Collection: an illustrated selection of flints from Britain bequeathed in 1919 by William Allen Sturge.
<S7>Article in Serial: Robins, P. and Wymer, J. 2006. Late Upper Palaeolithic (Long Blade) Industries in Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt I pp 86-95. p 94.

Related records - none

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