Record Details

NHER Number:27340
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible post-Roman field system

Summary

Part of a field system of possible post-Roman date is visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. It forms part of a larger complex of archaeological cropmarks (NHER 27259), which includes other field systems dated to the Bronze Age and the Iron Age to Roman periods (NHER 27338 and 27339 respectively). The long, near-parallel boundary ditches of the field system described here, which are aligned approximately east-to-west, contrast with the other field patterns, perhaps indicating a post-Roman date for the site. Part of the area has been field-walked and metal-detected, recovering Romano-British, medieval and post-medieval material (NHER 12166). Evidence for Early Saxon settlement 50m to the south of the site was found during small-scale excavation (NHER 34025).

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 4933 1619
Map Sheet:TG41NE
Parish:HEMSBY, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK
ORMESBY ST MARGARET WITH SCRATBY, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK

Full description

1 August 1977. NAU air photography.
Cropmarks. One ring ditch and cropmarks of field system.
See aerial photographs (S1) and record card (S2).
These cropmarks were previously recorded under NHER 12166.
The ring ditch is now recorded under NHER 27355 and the field system is now recorded under this number.
D. Edwards (NAU), 18 March 1981. Amended H. Hamilton (HES), 15 July 2019.

April 2005. Norfolk NMP.
Many of the cropmarks described below were previously recorded as NHER 12166.

Part of an undated field system is visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs (S3)-(S10), centred around TG 4933 1621. It is part of a larger cropmark complex (NHER 27259) comprising field systems, enclosures and trackways of various dates. Parts of this complex represent field systems of Bronze Age and Iron Age/Roman date (NHER 27338 and 27339 respectively). The cropmarks described here also form a distinct group but the morphology of the site contrasts with the two dated field systems, indicating a different phase of activity. Given this, a post Roman date is postulated, with a possible association with the Early Saxon settlement identified 50m to the south (NHER 34025; S11, Site 8W).

The field system lies to the east of the earlier field patterns but like them overlies, and to some extent respects, the site of a postulated Bronze Age barrow cemetery (in this case NHER 27350) as well as an isolated ring ditch (NHER 27355). It shares the same broad alignment as the Iron Age/Roman field system NHER 27339 but has a contrasting morphology. This is characterised by long, slightly sinuous, near parallel boundaries, aligned approximately east to west. The double ditched boundary visible between TG 4913 1639 and TG 4939 1633, is probably a trackway. Multiple short subdivisions centred around TG 4943 1611 may relate to some specialised activity taking place at this spot.

The site is visible across an area measuring approximately 500m by 435m. It almost certainly continues to the east as NHER 17673; some the cropmarks mapped to its southwest (part of NHER 27259), which share the same orientation, may also be part of the same phase of activity.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 27 April 2005.

April-August 2013. Watching Brief.
Monitoring of groundworks at former meterological station to west of North Road (TG 4923 1619).
Stripping of several areas revealed two ditches that clearly represent the continuation of features associated with the west-north-west to east-south-east aligned cropmarks at TG 4919 1625 and TG 4917 1620. Both terminated within the excavated area, with the northern ditch turning southwards at its eastern end, onto a north-to-south orientation (which gave rise to the suggestion that these features represented an enclosure).
Significantly, these ditches and the majority of the discrete features around them appear to have been of Middle Bronze Age date. The northern ditch was the better dated of the two, producing 15 sherds of Middle Bronze Age Deverel-Rimbury pottery.
See report (S12) and NHER 64695 for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 24 March 2021.

Monument Types

  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Unknown date)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Post Roman - 410 AD? to 1900 AD?)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Post Roman - 410 AD? to 1900 AD?)
  • TRACKWAY (Post Roman - 410 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • SHINE
  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

<S1>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D. 1977. TG 4916 C-F.
<2>Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card. NHER 12166 / 1.
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 1032-3 09-JUL-1946 (NHER TG 4916A, TG 4917C).
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1972. OS/72018 057-8 15-MAR-1972 (NMR).
<S5>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1977. NHER TG 4916C-F (NLA 55/AKW4-7) 01-AUG-1977.
<S6>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1980. NHER TG 4816F (NLA 79/ANM7) 09-JUN-1980.
<S7>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1980. NHER TG 4816G (NLA 80/ANN3) 09-JUN-1980.
<S8>Vertical Aerial Photograph: BKS. 1988. BKS 0963-4 07-SEP-1988 (NCC 4785-6).
<S9>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Jeavons, A.. 1996. NHER TG 4916L (KRD6) 30-JUN-1996.
<S10>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1997. OS/97613 218-9 01-JUN-1997.
<S11>Unpublished Contractor Report: Bates, S. and Crowson, A. 2004. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design for Archaeological Excavations and Watching Brief on the Bacton to Great Yarmouth Gas Pipeline, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 924.
<S12>Unpublished Contractor Report: Hickling, S. 2013. Archaeological Watching Brief at the former Meteorological Station, North Road, Hemsby, Norfolk. NPS Archaeology. 2013/1273.

Related records

27259Part of: Multi-period field systems, trackways and enclosures (Monument)
17673Related to: Site of field system of possible post-Roman date at Dowe Hill Farm (Monument)

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