Record Details

NHER Number:27339
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probable Iron Age to Roman field system


Part of a probable Iron Age to Roman field system is visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. It forms part of a larger complex of archaeological cropmarks (NHER 27259). The regular rectangular layout of the field system contrasts with the more random pattern of an earlier Bronze Age field system (NHER 28338). Fieldwalking, metal detecting and excavation of the site are recorded as NHER 12165, 34024 and 35025.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 4867 1632
Map Sheet:TG41NE

Full description

June 1980. Aerial Photography.
Cromarks of a ring ditch and a trackway were identified on aerial photographs (S1).
An informant [1] has stated that this ring ditch is called South Grave, altough the name might derive from 'grove' rather than 'grave'.
These cropmarks were previously recorded under NHER 12166.
See record cards (S2).
Information has been transferred from entries made by:
D. Edwards (NAU), 8 June and 28 July 1982.
E. Rose (NAU), 28 November 1988.
Amended H. Hamilton (HES), 15 July 2019.

April 2005. Norfolk NMP.
Some of the cropmarks described below were previously recorded as NHER 12165 and 12166.

A field system of probable Iron Age to Roman date is visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs (S3) to (S11), centred at TG 4871 1626. It is part of a larger cropmark complex (NHER 27259) comprising field systems, enclosures and trackways of various dates. Excavation along the line of the Bacton to Great Yarmouth gas pipeline (NHER 12165 and 34025; S12, Sites 7N and 7S; additional information from Sarah Bates, NAU) led to the tentative dating of some of the ditches and trackways to the Iron Age and/or Roman periods. In places, it was demonstrated that the features thought to belong to this phase were stratigraphically above elements of a second, probably Bronze Age field system, the cropmarks of which are recorded as NHER 27338.

The postulated Iron Age to Roman field system was laid out to the south of the main area of Bronze Age activity. While it cuts across some elements of the earlier system (e.g. at TG 4867 1654), others may have been incorporated into the new layout. What appears to be one of the principal components of the site is formed by a sinuous trackway, visible between TG 4866 1639 and TG 4892 1617. At its eastern end it joins to a ring ditch. The latter is probably a round house, a small stock enclosure or similar feature, as its relationship with the trackway suggests it is not part of the earlier barrow cemeteries visible to its west (NHER 27342) and east (NHER 27350). Its apparent association, however, with the placename South Grave (see NHER 12166) emphasises the fact that its origin is uncertain. To the south of, and perpendicular to, the trackway, a layout of rectilinear fields can be made out. These are comparable to other field systems of probable Iron Age to Roman date mapped in this part of the County (e.g. NHER 38499). To the northwest a less regular arrangement of boundaries is visible.

The field system is visible over an area measuring approximately 790m by 530m. Other ditches mapped in the surrounding area as part of NHER 27259 may date to the same phase of activity but are too fragmentary and dispersed to be recognisable.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 22 April 2005.

Monument Types

  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Undated)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Undated)
  • RING DITCH (Undated)
  • STOCK ENCLOSURE? (Undated)
  • TRACKWAY (Undated)
  • RING DITCH (Early Bronze Age to Roman - 2350 BC to 409 AD)
  • ROUND BARROW? (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • ROUND HOUSE (DOMESTIC)? (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • STOCK ENCLOSURE? (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

<S1>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D. 1980. TG 4816 F-G.
<S2>Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card. NHER 12166 / 1-2.
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 3043-4 09-JUL-1946 (NHER TG 4915A, TG 4815A).
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1970. OS/70351 162 20-SEP-1970 (NMR).
<S5>Oblique Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1973. CUCAP (BOB73-5) 05-JUL-1973.
<S6>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1977. NHER TG 4916C (NLA 55/AKW5) 01-AUG-1977.
<S7>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1979. NHER TG 4816A-C (NLA 72/AMR12-4) 17-JUL-1979.
<S8>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1980. NHER TG 4816F (NLA 79/ANM7) 09-JUN-1980.
<S9>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1980. NHER TG 4816G (NLA 80/ANN3) 09-JUN-1980.
<S10>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1983. NHER TG 4816L-Q (NLA 137/ATN1-5) 29-JUL-1983.
<S11>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1997. OS/97613 218-9 01-JUN-1997.
<S12>Unpublished Contractor Report: Bates, S. and Crowson, A. 2004. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design for Archaeological Excavations and Watching Brief on the Bacton to Great Yarmouth Gas Pipeline, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 924.

Related records

27259Part of: Multi-period field systems, trackways and enclosures (Monument)

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