Record Details

NHER Number:27193
Type of record:Monument
Name:Post medieval and modern sea defence bank


A modern sea defence bank survives as earthworks. It and/or its predecessors can be clearly seen on aerial photographs and on early Ordnance Survey maps.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 02078 44019
Map Sheet:TG04SW

Full description

January 2003. Norfolk NMP.
A sea defence bank can be clearly seen on RAF 1946 (S1), Hunting Survey 1969 (S2), NLA 1977 (S3) and Ordnance Survey 1995 (S4) aerial photographs. It runs for over 1km from TG0158 4402 to TG0257 4409. The date of this bank is uncertain, however it is shown on the 25 inch 2nd edition Ordnance Survey map (S5) is also visible on the 1 inch and 1:10560 1st edition Ordnance Survey maps (S6) and (S7) which would suggest at least a post medieval date. It would seem to form a part of the local sea defences in this area.
H. Clare (NMP), 10 January 2003.

May-November 2004. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey.
Inter-tidal survey (Environmental Zone 11), Context 981:
A modern sea defence bank was recorded on the southern edge of the saltmarsh between TG 01640 44010 and TG 01865 44073. It may conceal an earlier bank or banks.
See assessment report (S8) for further details.
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.421).
J. Allen (NLA), 19 April 2005. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 21 July 2019.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Unknown date)
  • SEA DEFENCES (Unknown date)
  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEA DEFENCES (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

<S1>Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1701 3079-70 27-AUG-1946 (Norfolk SMR TG 0244A & TG 0144B).
<S2>Aerial Photograph: Hunting Surveys Ltd. 1969. HSL UK/69/949 0133-4 20-NOV-1969 (Norfolk SMR TG 0243F & TG 0143C).
<S3>Aerial Photograph: 1977. SMR TG 0243A-B (NLA 53/AKM13-14) 31-JUL-1977.
<S4>Aerial Photograph: 1995. OS/95567 124-5 21-JUN-1995 (SMR).
<S5>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-7. Ordnance Survey 25 inch 2nd edition (revised 1902-7). Sheet IX.3.
<S6>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1824-1836. Ordnance Survey First Edition 1 inch.. Sheet 68.
<S7>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1891. OS 1st Edition 1:10560. Sheet IX.3.
<S8>Unpublished Contractor Report: Robertson, D., Crawley, P., Barker, A., and Whitmore, S. 2005. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 1045.

Related records - none

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