Record Details

NHER Number:4206
Type of record:Building
Name:All Saints' Church, Great Fransham

Summary

A medieval parish church, dating from the 13th century, with 14th century alterations. The church was restored in the late 19th century, and contains a 14th or 15th century font from St Etheldreda's Church in Norwich. Fragments of pottery dating from the Early Saxon to the medieval periods, as well as medieval floor and roof tiles, have been found in the churchyard.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 898 131
Map Sheet:TF81SE
Parish:FRANSHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK
GREAT FRANSHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

South arcade with Early English piers, rebuilt into Perpendicular bases and arches.
Mid 14th century chancel arch, and west tower with plain Y tracery bell openings and cusped Y tracery west window, strangely off centre, perhaps 19th century, as is lead spire. All nave south windows 19th century.
North nave windows Perpendicular with embattled demi-transoms.
Chancel has no north or south windows and east window is 19th century.
Interior inaccessible at time of visit; (S1) mentions brasses of 1414 and 1500; flagon, London 1722; chalice and paten. Visited by E. Rose 24 May 1978.

Font stolen and replaced by that from St Etheldreda, Norwich, described by (S1) as with two shields and heads under, 14th or 15th century.
Information from A. Rogerson (NAU).
E. Rose (NAU) 25 June 1984.

Rev Armstrong's Diary entry for the 1st August 1878 notes attending the reopening of the church.
Information from (S2).

1983 to 1984.
Medieval sherds from churchyard.
See (S3).
A. Rogerson (NAU)

One worked flint.
See (S3).

23 June 1991. Further finds from two spots in churchyard. Contexts 3 and 4.
See (S3).
A. Rogerson (NLA) March 1992

1992. Fieldwalking finds from mole hills in churchyard.
More pottery sherds, including one Thetford type base.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 14 October 1992.

1993. Field walking finds from mole hills, northwest part of churchyard.
Further medieval sherds and one Ipswich sherd.
A. Rogerson (NLA) November 1993.

1994/1995. Context 5.
8 more medieval potsherds from mole hills.

3 March 1996. Context 1.
2 sherds, 1 medieval, 1 ?Medieval from base soil.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 20 February 1996.

Further surface finds in churchyard.
More medieval sherds, medieval floor tile (Context 9) and Early Saxon sherd (Context 10).
A. Rogerson (NLA) 6 January 1999.

7 March 1999. Fieldwork No: G88.
Contexts 3 and 5.
Further sherds, all medieval.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 March 1999.

1999. Field observation. Fieldwork no AJGR G88. Context 5.
Further medieval sherds, roof tile fragment.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 March 2000.

2000-2006. Surface collection from molehills and builders' spoil heap. Contexts 11-13.
Flint flake.
Late Saxon and medieval pottery sherds.
Medieval window glass and floor tile.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 27 February 2007.

March 2007. Excavation. From Context 100.
A wall uncovered during the excavation was almost certainly part of a separate building, known from previous drainage operations in 2002 and likely to be of medieval date. A layer of possible foundation material, which may once have supported the wall of the south aisle of the church, was also revealed. Finds recovered during this excavation included two body sherds, one a glazed fragment of late medieval transitional ware and another a sherd of early medieval pottery. Nine fragments of ceramic building material were recovered, including at least two fragments of Roman tile, a possible medieval floor tile and some late medieval to early post medieval brick. Fragments of disarticulated human bone were recovered, and were reburied. Two pieces of lead (probably from the church roof or guttering) were recorded, along with an S-shaped iron rod, possibly a fitting of some kind, from a single context. Two fragments of clear window glass were also recovered, and may be of medieval date.
See final report (S4), assessment report (S5) and summary in (S6) for further details. See also (S7) and (S8).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2016.55).
A. Cattermole (NLA), 2 November 2007. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 17 May 2019.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CHURCH (Medieval to 21st Century - 1066 AD to 2100 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • NAIL (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: Ladbrooke AR19-20.
---Aerial Photograph: TF8913A, B,.
---*Fieldwork: Fransham Survey. G88.1. AJGR.
---Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1077471.
---Monograph: Bryant, T. H. 1903. Hundred of Launditch. The Churches of Norfolk. pp 73-79.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Monograph: Pevsner, N and Wilson, W. 1999. Norfolk 2: North-West and South. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. pp 366-367.
<S2>Publication: Armstrong, H. B. J (ed). 1949. A Norfolk Diary. Passages from the Diary of The Rev. Benjamin John Armstrong. p 217.
<S3>Archive: Fransham Field Walking Boxfile.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Crawley, P. and Sillwood, R. 2010. An Archaeological Excavation at All Saints' Church, Great Fransham, Norfolk. NAU Archaeology. 1438.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Crawley, P. 2007. An Assessment of an Archaeological Excavation at All Saints' Church, Great Fransham, Norfolk. NAU Archaeology. 1285.
<S6>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Hoggett, R. (eds). 2008. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2007. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt III pp 441-452. p 445.
<S7>Photograph: NAU Archaeology. 2007. MVH-MVJ.
<S8>Slide: Various. Slide. 1-40.

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