Record Details

NHER Number:3703
Type of record:Monument
Name:Undated shallow depressions, possibly Neolithic flint mines or Early Saxon grubenhauser


A group of undated shallow depressions were recorded on Litcham Heath in 1941. They have been interpreted as either infilled Neolithic flint mines or Early Saxon grubenhauser (sunken featured buildings).

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 8619 2001
Map Sheet:TF82SE

Full description

On Litcham Heath south of Barrow No. 11 (Weasenham Group) at distance of 7.8m to 36m (26 to 120 foot) from south rim of barrow.
Shallow depressions, average 4.8m (16 feet) in diameter and 8cm (3 inches) deep. Noted by Puddy 1941 but probably source of alleged 'hut circles' in (S1), (S2).
Puddy compares them with shallow depressions 4.5 to 6m (15 to 20 feet) across and 0.3 to 0.6m (1 to 2 feet) deep on Massingham Heath (NHER 2318) noted by (S3).
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

See (S4) in file NHER 3701.
E. Rose (NAU).

(S4) interprets the depressions as infilled shafts of flint mines, similar to those at Massingham Heath (NHER 2318) and Grime's Graves (NHER 5640).
D. Robertson (NLA), 27 April 2006.

Monument Types

  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • SETTLEMENT (Unknown date)
  • FLINT MINE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • GRUBENHAUS (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT? (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 81 NE 1.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Litcham.
<S1>Article in Monograph: Sainty, J. E. 1935. Norfolk Prehistory. Report of the Annual Meeting, 1935. Norwich, September 4-11. British Association for the Advancement of Science. Appendix pp 60-71. p 66.
<S2>Article in Serial: 1913. Summary of Proceedings. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. Vol I Pt III (for 1912-13) pp 378-382. p 380.
<S3>Article in Serial: Plowright, C. B. 1892. Neolithic Man in West Norfolk. Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society. Vol V Pt 3 (for 1891-92) pp 250-264.
<S4>Unpublished Document: Puddy, E.I.. 1958. Litcham, history of a Norfolk village..

Related records - none

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